Tuina is seen as a powerful therapeutic extension to the traditional western massage methods, which have been used in this country. Tuina simplicity and focus on specific problems, rather than a more generalised treatment, make it both an excellent alternative and/or extension of the typical Swedish-style massage. By utilising treatments of shorter duration, it can be used in a variety of different settings, such as the home, office, and clinic or even in hospitals and nursing facilities. Contraindications include conditions involving fractures, phlebitis, infectious contagious conditions, open wounds, and lesions.
The main Tuina methods include the use of hand techniques to massage soft tissue (muscles and tendons) injuries of the body, acupressure techniques to affect the flow of Qi, and stretching techniques to realign the musculoskeletal and ligamentous relationships.
At times, external herbal poultices, compresses, liniments, and or salves are also used to enhance the therapeutic effect.
The benefits of Tuina are well suited for the treatment of specific musculoskeletal disorders and chronic stress-related disorders of the digestive, respiratory and reproductive systems. Tuina is not especially useful for those seeking a mild, sedating and relaxing massage since it tends to be more task focused than other types of bodywork.