Acupuncture and Moxibustion Treatment of Eye Diseases
Acupuncture and moxibustion have been used for the treatment of eye diseases with good effects. Such eye diseases include pigmentary degeneration of retina, macular degeneration, glaucoma and optic atrophy (Xu et al. 2008).
They applied acupuncture at these acupuncture points around the right eyes: Extra 1 (Taiyang), BL 2 ( Zanzhu) and SJ 23 (Sizhukong). The results of their study show that acupuncture can be used to treat intractable dry eyes and increase lacrimal secretion. Acupuncture can activate the lacrimal glandular function of synthesis and secretion.
Researchers in China studied the treatment of intractable dry eyes using acupuncture (Gong and Sun 2007). They examined tear secretion and morphological changes of the lacrimal gland after acupuncture treatment using rabbits as the animal model.
improvements over the control group.
After eight weeks of treatment, the acupuncture group had a greater improvement in Schirmer tests scores, compared with the SSP group. Their study demonstrates that acupuncture is an effective therapeutic method in promoting tear secretion in patients with dry eye syndrome.
The clinicians used tongue and body acupuncture for 60 sessions, with 5 sessions each week. They observed that about 33% of the children had clinical or functional improvement. Among the children with abnormal visual evoked potentials, 56% of them had improvement. Among the children who underwent positron emission tomography (PET), 86% showed improvement in glucose metabolism in the visual cortex.
A study done in Hongkong investigated the efficacy of tongue and body acupuncture for visual recovery in children with central and peripheral visual disorders (Wong et al. 2006). The causes of cortical visual impairments among the children included severe perinatal asphyxia, postencephalitis, traumatic brain injury, hydrocephalus, and increased intracranial pressure.