To explain the transmission pathological
The disease is usually transmitted along the meridians. Exogenous pathogenic factors are transmitted from the outside to the inside of the collateral for the meridians, and meridians of the viscera. Thus, the pathological changes of viscera may be transmitted through the meridians. For example, the disease of the Zang-organs can be transmitted to the fu-organs and the disease of the future, the organs can be transmitted to the Zang-organ meridians by internal and external relationships with each others. On the other hand, diseases of the five Zang-organs can be transmitted between them because of the multiple relationships between the meridians and collaterals.
To explain the pathogenesis
The onset of exogenous disease is usually caused by the invasion of pathogenic factors attack the body surface and then invade the few guarantees of defense with the Qi, and progressively in the inner part of the body. The onset of the disease is caused endogenous or through the insufficiency or imbalance of Qi, blood, yin and yang. If the qi, blood, yin and yang is insufficient,
meridians and collaterals are empty, if the qi, blood, yin and yang have lost the balance, the meridian qi is stagnated or disorder, which leads to the appearance of the disease.
For example, the liver, the disease can be transmitted to the stomach and lung, kidney disease can be transmitted to the heart and lungs, etc. In addition, diseases of internal organs may be transmitted to the body surface, resulting pathological changes in the relationship with constituents, organs and orifices. For example, angina pectoris May lead to tenderness on the medial side of the arm along which the heart meridian series, the disease caused by the stomach-fire May cause swelling of the gums pain through of the stomach meridian which goes; up in flames of fire May cause liver eye diseases, etc.
To guide the diagnosis and treatment of disease
To guide the diagnosis
Since the meridians run along certain routes, and relate to certain organs, there is a special relationship between the different parts of the body and internal organs. Clinical relationship between the place or pathological disease and meridians can be used to decide the meridians and Viscusi are involved to make an accurate diagnosis.
For example, the liver meridian distributes more than hypochondrium to hypochondriac pain indicates liver disease, lung meridian emerges from the supraclavicular fossa, pain in the pit above indicates a lung disease. Puzzle to take another example. It usually appears in the different regions. Pain in the front is linked to the Yangming meridian; pain in both sides of the head is usually related to the Shaoyang meridian, and pain in the neck is often linked to taiyang meridian. In addition, some diseases show particular reaction on certain points acupoints. If the sensitivity of reaction appears on these points, it is very useful for diagnosis. For example, lead to intestinal abscesses tenderness on Lanwei (EX-LE7), gallbladder disease will place on tenderness on Yanglingquan (GB 34).
To guide treatment of the disease
The theory of meridians and collaterals is widely used in clinical treatment, particularly in acupuncture and moxibustion, massage and treatment of addiction.
The treatment of disease by acupuncture, moxibustion and massage is usually performed by needling or massage the proximal or distal acupoints of the meridians to regulate the functional activities of the meridian qi and blood. To select acupoints, it is necessary to distinguish the syndrome first with the theory of meridians and collaterals meridian to decide whom the disease is linked to, and select acupoints in the light of the management and coverage of the route of the meridian. This way of selecting acupoints is called "the selection of acupoints along the meridians.
Treatment should also be made according to the theory of meridians and collaterals, because the meridians and collaterals can carry the influence of drugs to the affected part. In the long course of clinical practice, TCM has developed the theory of "meridian tropism of drugs" which states that a drug can enter one or more meridians. With the support of this theory, clinical drug are selected on the basis of syndrome differentiation depending on their state of "meridian tropism" to treat the disease in order to improve the therapeutic effect.
Again take headache for example. If it is related to meridian taiyang, Qianghuo (rhizomes seu Radix Notopterygii) must be used if it is related to meridian yangrning, Baizhi (Radix angelicae Dahuricae) must be used if it is related to Shaoyang meridian Chaihu ( Radix Bupleuri) should be used, because these drugs between these meridians, respectively. In the formulation of an order, one or two drugs that fall within a certain meridian can be added to guide the other drugs, which normally do not enter this meridian, to work on this meridian. The drug that causes other drugs to work on a meridian or organ is called "Guide to Drugs".
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