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Physiological and pathological characteristics of infants

Updated: Tuesday, Mar 10,2009, 3:44:48 PM
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Physiological Delicacy of Zang-fu and sub-organs of physics and qi The Zang-fu organs to refer to both bodies and the Zang Fu organs. Delicacy scarcity of resources, responsibility for the attack and tenderness. The physical refers to the cLongBiao

Physiological Delicacy of Zang-fu and sub-organs of physics and qi The Zang-fu organs to refer to both bodies and the Zang Fu organs. Delicacy scarcity of resources, responsibility for the attack and tenderness. The physical refers to the c...


Delicacy of Zang-fu and sub-organs of physics and qi

The Zang-fu organs to refer to both bodies and the Zang Fu organs. Delicacy scarcity of resources, responsibility for the attack and tenderness. The physical refers to the configuration of the human body such as members, the skeleton, musculature, gasoline, blood and body fluids. Qi refers to physiological functional activities, such as the Qi of the lung, spleen and kidney Qi Qi. Delicacy of the Zang Fu organs and under-development of physics and qi means that during childhood, the morphological development and physiological functions are immature and imperfect, and that the development and functions of the viscera are insufficient. Since the physical materials of the body relate to the yin and the functioning of the organization's activities relate yang, physicians
in ancient times summarized the physiological characteristics of children as sub-yin and yang.
From birth to adulthood, children are constantly growing and developing. They are physically and functionally different from adults because they have their own characteristics and laws. Young people are, the more these characteristics and laws will be. Therefore, infants may never be regarded as the epitome of the adult. Doctors recent dynasties had detailed discussions on the physiological characteristics. Their discussions can be summarized in the following two aspects: delicate Zang-fu organs and sub-physics and qi, vigorous vitality and rapid development. A full recognition of the physiological characteristics of children is useful to understand the rules of development of infants, health care and disease diagnosis.

The idea that the viscera of children are fragile and the bodies of infants is underdeveloped is characterized by sensitivity of the muscles and skin, streaks in bulk, lack of qi and blood, weakness of the lungs and spleen, kidney qi, and will shy fragile bones and muscles. For example, from birth to childhood, children are marked by the large head, thin neck, higher and shorter lower. During the period of one year and a half, children play a role metopism, thin skin and soft, loose interstitial muscle striations, and yellow hair, the responsibility of sweating during sleep, the voice crying in the short and instantaneous changes in emotions. The functions of two bodies of the five Zang and six Fu organs are underdeveloped, particularly the lungs, spleen and kidneys.

Constant of the inadequacy of the rate

The spleen, the post of life, governs the processing and transport of nutrients and grain is the source for the generation of blood and Qi. Since the spleen and stomach in children is underdeveloped, the spleen qi is weak and the transformation and transportation functions are still low. On the other hand, children are becoming faster and need more nutrients than adults. That is why the spleen qi often inadequate.
Constant lack of lung

The lung governs all qi circulating through the body. It is linked to skin, hair and stripes outside. If the lung is delicate, defensive qi is not, which makes it easier to be attacked by exogenous pathogenic factors. The lung depends on the rate of supply of nutrients. If the spleen and stomach are strong, the defensive qi will be consolidated. However, the rate of infants tend to be weak in function, so the Qi of the lung in children is generally insufficient.

Constant renal

The kidney is the congenital basis of life. Kidney yin and yang of the kidneys are the sources of life to the establishment and growth of man. Yin of each organ depends kidney yin to moisten and nourish, while the yang of each organ is based on the kidney yang to warm and nourish it. Many aspects in the development of children are affected by kidney Qi, such as growth, the body's resistance and the normal development and function of the bone, brain, hair, ears and teeth . The qi of the kidneys of infants is under-congenital, and gradually became abundant with increasing age. During growth and human development, infants are in constant need of kidney qi enough to promote growth. That is why kidney qi ten children seems inadequate.

In addition, the physiological functions of the Zang infant five bodies are also marked by an abundance of liver and constant abundance of the heart. The first does not refer to hyperactivity of liver yang, which means that during the development of the infant liver governs the flow of qi and the function of sending and smooth flow of qi throughout the body. The latter does not mean that the hyperactivity of heart fire. In fact, it refers to phenomena in infants marked by a rapid, energetic and heart qi vitality.

Pathological characteristics

The characteristics of the pathology infants include two aspects: the contraction of fast and easy transmission, pure and simple Zang-qi rehabilitation.

Easy contraction and rapid transmission

Susceptibility to diseases that children are subjected to the invasion of pathogens. Viscera are sensitive child and the body's resistance is low. In addition, children are unable to take care of themselves in terms of food and everyday life. So they are susceptible to attack by six exogenous pathogenic factors and a food deficiency. With other pathological defects, babies are sensitive to tack to exogenous pathogens. Young people are the children, the disease will be.
Full of vitality and rapid development

Vitality refers to the life. Full of vitality and rapid development during the period of development and growth, children quickly become mature and perfect in both the morphological structure and physiological functions. The old doctors summary of development as a pure infatile yang. Young people are children, the strongest of their vitality and growing faster. This rapid development and growth actually follows certain principles and typical of the developments, events which includes two aspects: the physical and mental development. Physically, the weight of children of one year is three times the length of their body is one and a half times longer and the head is half a time greater than where they were just born. This is the period marked by rapid growth and development. As age increased, the rate of growth and development slows down gradually.

The lung is a delicate organ that regulate breathing and to be associated with skin and hair. Given that infants are often deficient in the lungs and the defense of the area is low, the pathogens can invade the lungs or through the nose and mouth and skin and hair. Therefore, it is said that the pathogenic cold attacks the lungs and upper heat invading pathogenic factors affects the lungs first. During infancy, children are likely to lung disorders, such as colds, coughs, pneumonia with cough and dyspnea.

Since infants are deficient in the spleen and the weakness in the processing and transport, they are likely to be affected by a poor diet, leading to symptoms such as anorexia, food conservation and diarrhea . Since the spleen is often insufficient, food and water taken into the body can not be converted into nutrients from grains, which leads to insufficient production of Qi and blood, resulting in fatigue of qi and blood and the poor.
Asthenia children constantly refers to the infant kidney essence. Gasoline includes gasoline prenatal and postnatal gasoline. The first is stored in the kidneys and the second from the spleen. Before the birth, nourishes the essence prenatal postnatal gasoline. Ie, the essence promotes prenatal development of the post-gasoline. Mtera childbirth, the postnatal prenatal feeds mainly gasoline. Ie, grains processed in nutrients from the spleen and stomach breathe in the kidneys when it is abundant. The pathological involvement of the kidney asthenia refers to various diseases that may becaused by renal congenital gasoline, as metopism, timidity, weakness, five types of delay and five kinds of flaccidity. It May also refer to these diseases such as rickets caused by inadequate gastrosplenic substance that affects the function of the kidneys to store gasoline.

The abundance of the infant liver physiologically mean the development of Shaoyang, as the germination of plants. However, this expression also involves pathological changes, such as syndromes Sthenic due to flaring of fire and hyperactivity of liver yang of the liver and the syndrome of apparent wind, convulsions and coma due to a high fever.
Rapid means of communication as in the development of the infant disease may change marked by sensitivity and sthenia fatigue, and sensitivity to cold and heat.

Asthenia and sthenia refer to conditions of health and qi pathogens. Susceptibility to fatigue and sthenia when children are sick, the pathogens tend to be in good health and the Sthenic qi tends to be asthenic, and that the syndrome may Sthenic immediately become a asthenic and vice versa, or simultaneously to both the asthenic and Sthenic syndromes. Take, for example pneumonia. Initially, the stagnation of lung qi May bring on fever, cough, sputum and dyspnea rale. Missing or ill-treating his complexion pale, the cold, profuse sweating, cyanosis of lips and palpitations, which shows that the asthenic syndromes due to penetration of the pathogen, the factors of fatigue in health and loss Qi suddenly of heart yang. Take infant diarrhea for another example. In the first stage, a poor diet or the stagnation of pathogens May make these syndromes as Sthenic abdominal distention, diarrhea with acid and the putrid smell, little urine brownish, reddish fur with language and fat slippery and forceful pulse. If the diarrhea is not stopped, it will lead to the consumption of body fluids or depletion of yin and yang of the loss, resulting in immediate lips, no tears, unconsciousness, cold limbs, pulse weak and thin. Such rapid change is typical pathological conditions in infants.

In short, changes of cold and heat as well as asthenic syndromes and Sthenic infants are faster and more complex than those of adults. Therefore, in the treatment of childhood diseases, correction and syndrome differentiation, an accurate diagnosis and timely treatment are very important.

   Purity of the viscera and the facility for the rehabilitation

Although the disease transmission in infants is rapid and the conversion to cold to heat and fatigue to sthenia in infants is complicated, regeneration and repair of tissues that are strong because of the purity of the body Child Development vigorous and full of vitality. In addition, the causes of childhood illnesses are usually simpler. During the development of disease, fewer factors are involved mental. That is why childhood diseases are easier to heal. Even serious illnesses can be cured if treatment is given timely and proper care is taken. Take the diseases of the respiratory system, spleen and fever for example. Although they are commonly encountered, most of them have a shorter duration and are faster to heal. Even some long-term illnesses, such as child malnutrition, can be cured quickly with the rebuilding of qi and blood, regulation and adaptation of food for the climate.
Heat and cold are widespread nature of pathological changes, whereas the symptoms of cold and heat: the manifestation of clinical symptoms due to the different nature pathological, or the transformation of nature in certain pathological circumstances in the development of the disease. Sensitivity to cold and heat, which means that the children present at the heat in the course of the disease syndrome because of their immaturity yin. Thus, the syndrome may be characterized by the degradation due to yin yang excess contained in the syndrome of heat. On the other hand, the fragile body of a child due to immature yang can cause a deficiency or yang and yin yang exhaustion syndrome occurs.Take cold cold syndrome caused by the attack of cold and wind example. The pathogenic factors may be flat to turn into heat, the extreme development of what generates the wind, leading to heat syndrome characterized by high fever and convulsions due to interaction of wind and fire. Regarding children with seizures, with the exception of high fever, convulsions and internal closure due to the interaction between the wind and fire, they manifest May asthenic cold syndromes characterized by symptoms such as pale , sweating, cold limbs, the pulse weak and indistinct. These are manifestations of infant sensitivity to cold and heat.

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