Commonly known as the tonsils, often refers to palatine tonsil is located in the depths of people's mouth on both sides of angina wall, in the palate and the palatal pharyngeal arch lingual arch between the tonsillar fossa, commonly known as the tonsils, this material developed during their childhood as adults, gradually shrinking. As the hub of the tonsil is located in the throat, close with the outside world, while the amygdala in the temperature, humidity too well suited to bacterial growth, so when the body resistance is lowered very easy for bacteria harass and inflammation.
The main pathogens of acute tonsillitis are streptococci, the symptoms are often acute fever, sore throat obvious pain when swallowing and may increase the radiation to the ear. Examination showed pharyngeal hyperemia, tonsils swollen and have pus spots. In children, the high incidence of acute tonsillitis, particularly in the 3 ~ 4-year-old children and youth are more prevalent after the age of 50 after the shrinking due to tonsil, then the inflammation rare. Tonsillitis is also with the seasons, such as winter and spring seasons, weather vagaries, Children easy to cold, cold, so they are most likely to suffer from acute tonsillitis and acute or chronic tonsillitis. Tonsils of acute inflammation, the use of penicillin resistant Gram-positive bacteria antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs, treatment works well. Combined with the appropriate rest, attention to nutrition, generally in about 1 week back to normal. If the recurring inflammation, can be transformed into chronic. The symptoms of chronic tonsillitis were not very clear, mainly sore throat. Throat, pharyngeal discomfort, there are manifestations of bad breath. Because inflammation causes tonsil hypertrophy is often compared, but there are still a small number of the shrinkage of the tonsil with chronic inflammation, and is often associated with chronic pharyngitis. Examination revealed dark red blood tonsil surface charge, surface scarring, and adhesion, rugged, palatal lingual arch can also be chronic congestive heart, and sometimes can also be swollen submandibular lymph nodes. Chronic tonsillitis can also be used anti-bacterial anti-inflammatory drugs, such as recurrent acute episodes, you will need an operation removed, but generally not suitable for children under 5 years old surgical treatment is mostly conservative treatment, because there is a certain degree of immunity.
Tonsillitis disease can cause a variety of complications such as otitis media, sinusitis, rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis, rheumatic heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases, leading to the heart, kidneys, joints, etc. serious damage.