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Symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis

Updated: Friday, Mar 26,2010, 3:24:06 PM
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The long-term low heat or high fever, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, night sweats, are systemic symptoms of tuberculosis; cough, sputum, hemoptysis, chest pain, breathing difficulties respiratory symptoms of tuberculosis.

1, systemic symptoms

① fever: Most of the afternoon low heat, mostly below 38 ℃. Critically ill patients, acute miliary tuberculosis, body temperature can be above 39 ℃. Heart patients often feel their hands and feet dry and hot, his cheeks flushing.

② fatigue, weakness: easy fatigue, generalized weakness, fatigue can not ease after the break.

③ sweating: sweating during sleep, to the neck, axilla and pubic sweating more serious cases, can underwear soaked.

④ loss of appetite and weight loss: Due to loss of appetite, gradual weight loss and weight loss.

⑤ Irregular Menstruation: Female patients may appear to reduce menstruation, menstrual irregularity, or amenorrhea.

Second, respiratory symptoms

① cough, sputum: hematogenous or light dry cough or tuberculosis patients showed a small amount of white phlegm, cheese empty or severe damage to pulmonary tuberculosis cough, sputum increased, cough infection when a large number of purulent sputum.

② chest pain: When change of TB spread to parietal pleura, the pleura produces inflammation or adhesion so that the produce chest pain, chest pain can be as coughing, deep breathing, or aggravated by postural changes.

③ hemoptysis: A rather more common, when the pulmonary vascular damage in any disease, they can occur hemoptysis, haemoptysis due to vascular injury volume of the number of the location, size varies, bloody sputum may be due to inflammatory lesions of the capillary damage result, the entire population blood sputum is due to a small artery and vein injury, massive hemoptysis is the damage of the large blood vessels, especially due to pulmonary artery. Pairs of hemoptysis patients, in addition to application of hemostatic agents outside the inspection should be carried out, such as chest X ray, or films, and sputum examination in order to identify causes of hemoptysis.

④ breathing difficulties: general patients had no difficulty in breathing, only moderate and severe pleurisy or lung lesions occur only when a broad range of difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, or cyanosis.

Clinically, we often see patients with symptoms of tuberculosis and lung disease not a direct proportion, and some patients do not have any symptoms, only the physical examination when found.

Tags: tuberculosis pulmonary

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