What is chronic leukemia
Leukemia literally means' many white cells in blood. "
All blood cells originate from bone marrow and leukemia (blood cancer) is a disease in which bone marrow produces a large number of abnormal white blood cells. This means that the normal brain is pushed into smaller areas and smaller. This leads to less than normal cells are produced and gives rise to some symptoms.
White blood cells are part of the immune system of the body, and there are several subgroups of white blood cells, which have different roles in the recognition and treatment of the "invaders" like bacteria and viruses and other types of foreign proteins.
There are several types of leukemia, each of which are classified depending on the exact type of cells affected by the disease.
The causes of leukemia are unknown.
Chronic leukemia is a slowly progressive form of leukemia and strives to attract more types of mature cells. She could not immediately require treatment, but if you need treatment, usually chemotherapy, given in pill form.
What is chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common form of leukemia from 3000 to 4000 new cases diagnosed each year in the UK. It is a form of chronic leukemia characterized by an increase in the number of lymphocytes, which form the major subgroup of white cells in blood. Despite their numbers increased in normal lymphocytes lack the capacity to respond to the infection by the production of antibodies, thus compromising the human immune system affected.
CLL is rare to find people under the age of 40 years - the maximum age is 65 years. This is twice as common among men than among women. There are obvious reasons not known CLL.
What are the symptoms of chronic leukemia?
It is possible to have chronic leukemia for months or even years without his knowledge.
Are a variety of symptoms, but many of them:
fatigue (due to anemia)
crumpled easily (often without any blow or fall)
How chronic lymphocytic leukemia diagnosed?
Often diagnosed by chance when blood tests done for other reasons.
Although blood tests can give doctors diagnosis, bone marrow test is usually conducted to confirm the diagnosis. Special tests are conducted on these samples to help classify leukemia because it affects the type of treatment required.
Scan and X-rays can be done to help doctors decide is better than cure.
What are the symptoms of chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
In addition to the above symptoms which are common to all forms of leukemia, specific signs of illness are:
painless expansion of the lymph glands, especially in the neck, armpits and groin.
lymph glands in the deeper parts of the body may need special scans for diagnosis.
Sometimes, an enlarged spleen (located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen) can cause discomfort or pain.
How chronic lymphocytic leukemia treatment?
Treatment is not always necessary, and the patient may simply be observed in an outpatient on a regular basis, sometimes for many years without the need for further action.
Older people with early stage CLL have a normal life expectancy. Treatment in the form of chemotherapy will be needed for those who are ill or who have many lymph nodes, or have become significantly anemia.
Chemotherapy is usually given in tablet form (usually a drug called chlorambucil (Leukeran)). Other chemotherapy drugs such as fludarabine (Fludara) (can be used in advanced disease. General of the bone marrow production of blood cells can occur in more advanced CLL (failure of the bone marrow), in which the treatment of steroid prednisolone (eg Deltacortril) usually allows the bone marrow recovery. mild degrees of failure of the bone marrow can be adequately controlled by regular blood transfusions.
X-Ray treatment (radiotherapy) may be introduced at the local level, swollen lymph nodes, or in small doses, repeated throughout the body. Infections are more common in people with CLL and require early diagnosis and treatment of vigor.
Sometimes, the spleen, which is also part of the body's immune system inflates in LLC, so that it leads to more or cause the type of anemia develop in which red blood cells (which carry oxygen-cells) become fragile, leading to anemia further. These problems may justify the surgical removal of the spleen.
The bone marrow may be considered for patients younger than 45 years and have an aggressive form of the disease.
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