Medicine is a basic necessity of human civilization. The man, from the beginning, are engaged in a constant struggle with nature and the diseases and infections that have caused so many deaths in humans. The desire of humanity to survive is one of the main factors in the development of medical knowledge.
Medicine is associated with the life that lead different people. Ethnic medicine is a manifestation of the collective wisdom of a people: the result of experience gained from the long struggle of the Chinese minorities with disease and death. It is deeply rooted in cultural, religious and social life of some ethnic groups.
Ethnic medicine also has a very localized. Drug development and evolution differs from one people to another, from one civilization to another, the differences can be more clearly in the fields of medical techniques, methods and prescribed medicines. It is only natural because the different ethnic groups different natural environments, modes of production, living conditions and diseases, not to mention the influence of philosophy and religion.
For example, the Tibetan people have lived for generations on the Plateau QinghaiTibet a inhospitably high, cold and windy, the region of insufficient oxygen and high solar radiation. For many centuries, Tibetans live the nomadic life of hunters.Thus their environment and lifestyle combine to produce the result of such conditions as altitude sickness, hypertension, stroke, the pulmonary heart disease, rheumatism, diseases of liver, intestinal tract and diseases are common among Tibetans. Consequently, Tibetan medicines have developed methods to treat and cure these diseases. Urinalysis diagnosis is an important element in Tibetan medicine. Balneotherapy is also very popular.
In northern China, the Mongolian people led a nomadic existence for millennia.Their regime is dominated by beef, mutton and horse meat and dairy products. So, they have much more understanding of medical problems that arise due to the consumption of these foods. Diet therapy plays a very important place in Mongolian medicine. Since Mongolians live in a region that is cold and wet, acupuncture has also been developed taking them as soon as possible. They ride their horses all year round on the vast grassland and is therefore of fractures resulting common.Thus are burning practices and bonesetting therapy also achieved a high level of development between the Mongolian doctors.
The doctors of the Yao ethnic group are famous for their treatment of tumors (such as lung cancer, liver cancer and pancreatic cancer) and lupus sebaceous. They use medicinal herbs collected from Guangxi. The Dai people have begun to develop their traditional medicine, long long ago. Their expertise is most pronounced in the treatment of colds, intestinal disease, food poisoning, and arthropathy gynecopathy. There are many writings in pharmacopoeias Dai language in the old archives. Miao doctors are major practitioners of medicine plants. Abundant herbal remedies for a wide range of diseases have been found particularly in the areas of diseases affecting women and children: bone lesions, insect bites, snake bites, skin diseases and so suite. The Yi people in Yunnan province and Liangshan in Sichuan province, areas that have a unique vegetation. Yi doctors select drugs in a unique way, which are effective in the treatment of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, injuries and all sorts of eye diseases. Zhuang medicine has a long history and is rich in resources. Zhuang qualified doctors in the treatment of cholera, malaria, the disease of demagoguery, intoxication, epilepsy, and the internal heat of the eczema, acupuncture, scraping therapy and fumigation is the most common treatment.
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