The most prominent cardiovascular risk factors are hypertension, smoking (active and passive secondhand smoke), dyslipidemia, diabetes, overweight / obesity, physical inactivity, unreasonable diet, metabolic syndrome. People to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, must from these risk factors.
Prevention of cardiovascular disease from the way of life. In the risk factors, lack of physical activity, unreasonable diet belongs to a bad way of life, the need for timely adjustment. First of all, the diet to increase the intake of dietary fiber, appropriate to reduce the intake of fat and cholesterol. Secondly, strengthen physical exercise, adhere to exercise 1 hour a day, exercise heart rate does not exceed the standard value (170 minus age), hold to every week activities of not less than 5 days.
Smokers and patients with hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, obesity, to actively control the disease. According to the 2010 Global adult tobacco survey China project report, at present our country 15 years old of above 356000000 smokers, passive smokers 738000000. Smoking and passive smoking can increase blood pressure, cardiovascular risk is very high, smokers to quit smoking early, more attention to influence smoking behaviour of other non smoking population. Hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, overweight or obese patients should actively cooperate with medical treatment, the disease control in the ideal level, especially in patients with hypertension. It is understood that more than half of China's disease associated with hypertension.
The regular physical examination, the relevant indicators to monitor risk factors. Healthy people have a yearly physical examination, the elderly and people with related risk factors of population to increase the number of examination and review of appropriate, especially pay attention to the blood pressure, blood lipids and blood glucose data.