Peritoneal Mesothelioma Symptoms
A patient with peritoneal mesothelioma may not show symptoms of cancer 20 to 50 years after initial exposure to asbestos, because it often takes years for mesothelioma to occur. In the case of peritoneal mesothelioma, asbestos fibers travel in the peritoneal layers where they cause irritation and inflammation and the development of cancerous cells that divide and grow uncontrollably. Cells cause a thickening of the peritoneum and the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal layers. Because cancer cells continue to divide overtime, the tumors begin to form. Most symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma are caused by this membrane thickening, fluid accumulation and tumor growth potential, which puts pressure on internal organs.
Peritoneal mesothelioma symptoms include:
The change in bowel habits (such as diarrhea or constipation)
Development of bumps under the skin of the abdomen
Night sweats or fever
Abdominal pain or swelling
Nausea or vomiting
Unexplained weight loss
Peritoneal Mesothelioma Diagnosis
A diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma can only be made on the basis of symptoms alone. The process begins with a thorough medical history of a patient's physical condition, followed by sophisticated diagnostic tests such as imaging and fluid and tissue tests.
After the biopsy, the fluid and the tissue was tested in a laboratory for the presence of mesothelioma cells. If the biopsy shows that a patient has returned to the peritoneal mesothelioma, the doctor, in collaboration with the patient, will detail a treatment plan.
Imaging techniques such as X-rays or CT scans are used to detect any abnormalities in the body and a biopsy is usually performed to confirm that the cancer has been in effect mesothelioma. A biopsy is a minor surgical procedure that involves removing fluid or tissue from the peritoneum.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma Treatments
Although no known cure for peritoneal mesothelioma exists, patients may choose to undergo combination treatments or participate in clinical trials to relieve pain and increase quality of life. Clinical trials are studies that patients who may participate in testing is coming and drugs and treatments. All treatment options and medications must undergo clinical trials before they are deemed safe and effective.
Although the treatment of peritoneal mesothelioma may be difficult because the cancer has usually progressed to later stages of development, doctors usually recommend treatment to patients in the fight against cancer and helps relieve pain. Treatments commonly used for patients suffering from mesothelioma include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy target and kill cancer cells that divide rapidly.
Many patients, however, are not good candidates for surgery for mesothelioma is often spread too broad or because the patient's general health is too poor to cope with the stress of surgery. These patients may choose to participate in the palliative treatment options that do not try to cure a patient, but work to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life of patients with peritoneal mesothelioma.
Intraperitoneal chemotherapy is just an effective form of treatment of peritoneal mesothelioma.
Some patients with peritoneal mesothelioma may opt for intraperitoneal chemotherapy, where drugs are injected directly into the peritoneal cavity immediately after surgery. In some cases, patients may first go through radiation therapy to shrink tumors before surgery.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma Symptoms