Diagnosis of cystitis is usually done by your doctor listening to the details of your problem. You will then be asked for a specimen of urine in which a dip-stick can be used to test for bacteria, protein and blood. The colour, odour and whether the specimen is clear or cloudy indicates if you are drinking enough fluids and if there is likely hood of infection. If the signs and symptoms are consistent with cystitis your doctor will prescribe antibiotics and your symptoms should disappear.
If however your symptoms do not go away or if your condition deteriorates you should return to your doctor and further investigations and diagnostic tests. You will be referred to a consultant Urologist (specialists in the study and treatment of disorders of the urinary tract) they will talk to you about your problem and listen to how it is affecting your life and then discuss with you the investigations which are necessary for a diagnosis and the plan of treatment they suggest.
You may need to undergo other investigations which may consist of:
* Urinalysis: This is the analysing of a specimen of urine in the laboratory to detect specific substances, to assist the doctor in the diagnosis.
* Urine Culture: This is done to grow and identify the bacteria present in the urine
* Urine Cytology: This is a test in a laboratory, which is done to detect cancer cells, which may indicate if you have a bladder, ureteral (the tubes which carry the urine from you kidneys to your bladder) or Kidney cancer.
* Urodynamics: This is a test which is done with a continence advisor to assess and measure the bladder’s ability to hold and release urine.
* A Cystoscopy: This is an examination which is carried out with a local anaesthetic or with a general anaesthetic a flexible cystoscope can be used with a local anaesthetic and a rigid cystoscope with a general anaesthetic.