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Influenza Overview

Updated: Wednesday, Nov 25,2009, 4:50:29 PM
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Influenza Overview

Influenza (commonly known as influenza) is a highly contagious viral disease that can occur in children or adults of any age. It occurs in winter, the most common personal consumption in close contact with other more time. The virus spreads easily from person through respiratory secretions of infected people.

Complications of influenza in the United States needs more than 20 million people hospitalized each year. Serious illness are more likely in the very young, the elderly, pregnant women, as well as a certain person who, such as malnutrition, asthma or lung disease, other forms of basic health status.

Now in the twentieth century, several serious and widespread outbreak of avian flu (called communicable diseases), causing millions of deaths world. These occur in the development of influenza virus (usually by the pigs or poultry) and humans become infected because they have no immunity to these viruses.

Swine influenza virus H1N1 virus,

Swine influenza is a type of influenza virus infection in pigs. H1N1 influenza virus, which includes pigs, some new species of avian influenza and human influenza virus, which first appeared in March 2009 in Mexico. Cases of human infection in this type of virus around the world to see. (See "Epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and the influenza pandemic of H1N1 virus ( 'swine flu')".) Diagnosis

The symptoms of influenza-infected swine influenza viruses similar to seasonal flu, including fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea are also common, different from seasonal influenza. The virus can be spread by coughing or sneezing, or by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching your nose or mouth. It is impossible to eat pork as swine influenza H1N1 virus.

They think you are contagious before the start of the day at least 24 hours before the onset of symptoms, you fever (100 ° F or 37.8 ℃) solution of (do not take anti-fever drugs). Children and people with weak immune systems may be transmitted more than 7 days.

You can reduce this as influenza virus by a simple infection control measures, discussed below, strain sick opportunities. (See 'Infection Control below.)

A kind of antiviral drugs such as oseltamivir and zanamivir, but also help to prevent pigs infected with avian influenza H1N1 virus. This treatment may be recommended, if you have a recent, close contact with suspected or confirmed H1N1 swine influenza virus, the situation of persons. A preventive treatment with antiviral drugs can be discussed separately. (See "Patient information: Influenza Prevention" and "H1N1 influenza pandemic ( 'Prevention of swine influenza')".)

Antiviral drugs such as oseltamivir and zanamivir can also be used in the treatment of swine influenza H1N1 viruses has resulted in reducing the severity of symptoms and duration. (See the 'bottom of antiviral drugs, and "H1N1 influenza pandemic (' treatment of swine influenza')".)

If you think you can with the new influenza virus H1N1 virus infection in pigs, and do not go to work or school in order to avoid spread of diseases. You do not see a worrying development in health care, unless you have symptoms. In this case, you should call your health care provider. (See ', to seek help, below.)

More information about preventing the H1N1 avian flu virus is transmitted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to provide a new pig spread。

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