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What is Traditional Chinese Medicine

Updated: Wednesday, Mar 11,2009, 11:56:25 AM
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Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a medical knowledge gained from more than 4000 years of observation, investigation and clinical experience. TCM has evolved as an empirical science and its theories and treatments have been used repeatedly and refined during this long period of time.


      The development of traditional Chinese medicine can be traced back to the New Stone Age over 10,000 years. TCM practices developed empirically through the observation of the effects on certain parts of the body and certain diseases. Early acupuncture was carried out using sharpened bone fragments before the development of other tools. The first and most important classic text of traditional Chinese medicine was completed in 200 BC. This book, known as the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, discussed the theory and philosophy of traditional Chinese medicine and the therapeutic benefits of acupuncture, herbs, diet and . By the Han dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD), another valuable classics, the Treaty on diseases caused by the Cold Factors (Shang Han Lun) was written by Chang Chung-ching. This classic is a practical guide to treating the disease, even to this day. Another well-known Chinese medical works is the Materia Medica (Pen Tshao Kang Mu), compiled in the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644 AD) by Li Shih-chen. This encyclopedia includes job descriptions of nearly 2,000 different kinds of drugs and provides an important framework for TCM herbology.

      The Basic Principles Behind TCM

      Yin and Yang

      Yin and Yang is an important and fundamental concept in TCM.

      The Chinese character for Yin literally translates as "Dark Side of the Mountain", and represents such qualities as cold, quiet, passive, dark, inside, below, before and so on.

      The Chinese character for Yang translates literally as "the right side of the mountain", and represents such qualities as warmth, activity, light, outside, above, back, and so on.

      TCM considers the body in terms of Yin and Yang aspects. The condition is characterized by a dynamic balance between Yin and Yang aspects of the body and, therefore, a bad state is characterized by an imbalance between Yin and Yang of the body.

      Excess of Yin - is characterized by symptoms of extreme cold

      Excess Yang - is characterized by symptoms comprehensive heat

      Relative deficiency of Yin - is characterized by symptoms of lethargy and heat

      Relative Yang deficiency - is characterized by symptoms of cold and lethargy.

      Yin and Yang in dynamic balance - balance condition.

      Five Elements

      The five elements of the observation of different groups of dynamic processes, functions and features in the natural world. They are:

      1. Water: damp, cool, descending, flowing, giving

      2. Fire: dry, hot, ascending, moving

      3. Wood: increasingly flexible, rooted, solid

      4. Metal: Cutting, difficult driving

      5. Earth: productive, fertile, growth potential

      Each element is considered as a series of matches on both the natural world and the human body. Each is linked to season, climate, flavor, color, sound, emotion, smell, movement, an organ of sense, part of the body, a body organ Yin and Yang.

      TCM uses a system of inter-relations between the five elements to understand how the different processes of the body support and control of the other. Because of these interrelationships, where the body and its members is the element of balance, other elements are also affected. This imbalance is manifested in the person with many signs and symptoms. May he show his face color, the voice, a change in the emotional state as well as disharmony in the functioning of organs connected.

      Essential nutrients

      TCM regards the human body as an energy system in the various substances that interact with each other to create the physical body. These basic substances are Qi, Jing, Blood and Body Fluids.


      usually translated as "energy" or "vital energy", is the energy behind the universe. Qi in our body is created from the combination of the food we eat and absorb through our stomach and spleen and the air we breathe into our lungs. It is the source of the activity of the body and movement, protects us from disease and keeps our body warm. If the Qi becomes deficient or blocked, resulting in an inability to transform and transport our food and drinks, an inability to keep warm, and a lack of resistance to disease and exhaustion of energy.


      usually translated as "essence", is crucial for the development of the individual in life. It is transmitted at birth and stored in the kidneys and allows us to develop from childhood to adulthood and in old age. It regulates growth, reproduction and development, promotion of kidney Qi Qi and working with to help protect the body against external factors. Any disturbance of development, such as learning difficulties and physical disabilities among children May be due to a deficit of Jing. Other disorders such as infertility, poor memory and tendency to chronic diseases and allergies in May also be due to a deficit Jing.


      TCM is not in the same substance that is recognized in Western medicine. Traditional Chinese Medicine, the means of liquid blood that nourishes and hydrates the body. It also houses the Shen (or spirit) and aid in the development of clear and stable thought processes. The imbalances of blood insufficient blood which, generally, pale complexion, dry skin, dizziness, high blood stagnation and cause severe pain or the development of the tumor, and heat in the blood causes bleeding symptoms such as nosebleeds or uterine bleeding.

      Body Fluids

      Jin Ye called in Chinese, are considered the body fluids which moisten and lubricate the body and more blood. These fluids moisten and nourish the skin, muscles, hair, joints, brain, spine and bone marrow. Deficiency in body fluids can lead to various forms of dehydration such as dry skin and constipation. If the fluid build up and get stuck, this can lead to problems of dampness and phlegm in TCM and May show symptoms such as lethargy and a feeling of heaviness in the body.


      Meridians or channels form a distribution system covering Qi, Jing, blood and body fluids throughout the body.

      There are 12 main meridians. Branching of them is a network of small canals. Each principal meridian is connected to one of the twelve organs and travels along its own path within the organization. For example, the Heart meridian travel a journey of the heart itself to the armpit and in the arm to the little finger. This explains why a person with a heart problem often has a tingling sensation that runs the arm to the little finger.

      The system Zangfu

      Zangfu The term is a collective name for the various organs of Yin and Yang in traditional Chinese medicine. A body Yin Yang is called a Zang organ and is called Fu. Each organ is considered as having its own functions, but these functions have a much wider scope than just physiological function described in Western medicine.

      The Zang includes five solid (Yin) organs. They are:






      A sixth body called the pericardium, unknown in Western physiology, is also considered a Yin Zang. In general, TCM believes that the Zang to be deeper in the body and to be concerned with the manufacture, storage and regulation of basic substances. For example, the heart made of blood, lung and regulates Qi Jing stores or Kidney Essence. Each Zang also connects to a sense organ and have a spiritual aspect involved. For example, liver connects to the eye and is associated with anger.

      The Fu is composed of six hollow (Yang) organs. They are:

      Small Intestine

      Large Intestine




      San Jiao or Triple Burner (also unknown in the West physiology)

      In general, Fu organs are closer to the body surface and functions of receiving, separating, distributing and excreting body substances.

      The causes of discord

      TCM divides the causes of disagreement in the three main areas:

      Internal causes

      diseases that are caused by emotions. It is anger, sadness, anxiety, fear, joy, sorrow, pensiveness and shock and are usually qualified seven emotions. Although these emotions are normal and healthy responses to many situations that we encounter in everyday life, they can cause disease when they are intense or prolonged, or are not expressed or acknowledged over a long period of time.

      External causes

      which are causes of disharmony that relate to climatic conditions. There are six of these conditions, generally known as the six pathogenic factors or six outside evils. They are: wind, cold, humidity, fire and heat, drought and summer heat. Different weather conditions are appropriate during each season and we adapt as they come and go. However, extreme weather, as a very cold winter or off season as a warm spell in winter make us more vulnerable to the effects of climatic conditions and therefore, to become sick. Also, individuals with underlying low energy are more vulnerable to the effects of climatic conditions than those which have a strong constitution.

      Other causes

      work, exercise, diet, sexual activity and physical trauma. TCM believes that these factors can have a profound influence on our body. For example, too much physical work can affect Qi, too much mental activity can damage the Spleen, someone who works outside is more likely to be at risk outside of the six evils, excessive sexual activity is considered as harmful to the kidneys and the injuries the victim would be the part of the body most vulnerable to external evils.


      In TCM, the diagnostic process is considered in four areas - known as the four examinations. They are:


      complexion, eyes, tongue, nails, hair, gait, stature and affect

      Hearing and Smelling

      the voice and breath, the smell of the breath, skin


      current complaints, medical history, family health history, patterns of sleep, appetite, digestion, bowel, bladder, sweat, pain, emotional, lifestyle characteristics gynecological and Features


      palpation of the body to discover the body temperature, body moisture, pain, and taking the pulse of



      Acupuncture is a form of treatment in traditional Chinese medicine. The words of Chinese acupuncture is ZhenJiu. Zhen means acupuncture and moxibustion Jiu means. Acupuncture is the insertion of needles in different points on the body. These points are located and join together in "channels" or meridians, along which Qi flows. The points used in treatment are carefully selected by the practitioner of traditional Chinese medicine to disperse any blockages and make the patient Qi in balance.

      Moxibustion is the process whereby a dried herb is burnt, either directly on the skin or indirectly over the skin on certain acupuncture points to warm the Qi and blood in the canals. Moxibustion is most commonly used when there is a requirement to expel cold and moisture from the body.


      TCM Herbal Medicine described in the formulas that are made from roots, stems, bark, leaves, seeds or flowers of many plants, and minerals and animals.

      The herbs are usually decocted in a soup. Some come in ready for the pill or powder, called "patent" herbal remedies. Medicine plants are generally taken as a "recipe" calls for a prescription. To make an order, the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine as well as mixtures carefully a number of plants that have specific functions.


      Tuina is Chinese therapeutic massage. The term "Tuina" means "push grab." Among the techniques include rolling, pushing, grasp, kneading, friction, choking, vibration, hash, renewable, pinching and pressing. These techniques are used individually or combined and applied to acupuncture points, along a meridian or channel, or an entire region of the body.

      Although best known for its ability to heal the problems and create relaxation, Tuina can help many other disorders.


      The word Qigong is composed of two words, "Qi" and "Gong". "Qi" usually translated as "energy" or "vital energy", is the energy behind the universe. The word "Gong" can be translated as "practice". The word Qigong vehicle within the meaning of the practice to the exercise of Qi ". Use Qigong to improve and maintain health was first mentioned in the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, written in 200 BC.
1.TCM prescription Introduce
2.Purgative Prescriptions of Cold Nature
3.TCM emphasizes the entirety.

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