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Application of special acupoints(2)

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Updated: Friday, Jun 05,2009, 6:11:18 PM
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    Most of the special acupeints are located below the elbows or knees with special names and theory. They are frequently used  in  clinical  treatment with  specific methods.

     

  The Eight Convergent Acupoints

Convergent Acupoints
Pertaining Meridian
Extra Vessels
Indications

Neiguan(PC 6)
Gongsun(SP 4)

Pericardium M.
Spleen M.

Yin link vessel
Thoroughfare vessel

Heart, chest, stomach

Houxi(SI 3)
Shenmai(BL 62)

Small intestine M.
Bladder M.

Governor vessel
Yang heel vessel

Inner canthus, ear,
neck,shoulder, back

Waiguan(TE 5)
Zulinqi(GB 41)

Triple energizer M.
Gallbladder

Yang link vessel
Belt vessel

Outer canthus, back
ear, cheek, neck,
shoulder

Lieque(LU 7)
Zhaohai(KI 6)

Lung M.
Kidney M.

Conception vessel
Yin heel vessel

Throat, lung, chest,
diaphragm



   The Five-shu Acupoints on the Yang Meridians     

  Application of the crossing acupoints
    The crossing acupoints refer to those located at the intersection of the two or more meridians. There are nearly 100 crossing acupoints and most of them are dis-tributed on the trunk, head and face. Since meridians converge at the crossing acupoints, so the crossing acu-points can be used to treat disorders of the multimeridi-ans. For example, Sanyinjiao (SP 6), a crossing acupoint of the three yin meridians of foot, can be used to treat diseases of the spleen, liver and kidney meridians and dis-eases related to the corresponding zang-fu organs.


Zang Organ

Back-Shu
Acupoint

Front-Mu
Acupoint

Fu Organ

Back-Shu
Acupoint

Front-Mu
Acupoint

Lung

Feishu
(BL 3)

Zhongfu
(LU 1)

Stomach

Weishu
(BL 21)

Zhongwan
(CV 12)

Pericardium

Jueyinshu
(BL 14)

Tanzhong
(CV 17)

Gallbladder

Danshu
(BL 19)

Riyue
(GB 24)

Heart

Xinshu
(BL 15)

Juque
(CV 14)

Large
Intestine

Dachangshu
(BL 25)

Tianshu
(ST 25)

Liver

Ganshu
(BL 18)

Qimen
(LR 14)

Small
intestine

Xiaochangshu
(BL 27)

Guanyuan
(CV 4)

Spleen

Pishu
(BL 20)

Zhangmen
(LR 13)

Bladder

Pangguangshu
(BL 28)

Zhongji
(CV 3)

Kidney

Shenshu
(BL 23)

Jingmen
(GB 25)

Triple
energizer

Sanjiaoshu
(BL 22)

Shimen
(CV 5)

  Application of Yuan-Source acu-points and Luo-Connecting acupoints
4.3.3.2.1  The Yuan-Source acupoints are located in the vicinity of the wrists and ankles. Each meridian has one Yuan-Source point. Altogether there are 12 Yuan-Source acupoints which are closely related to the zang-fu organs and are the points where visceral qi is infused via triple energizer. Therefore, the disorder of zang-fu or-gans can be manifested on the Yuan-Source acupoints and can be treated by needling Yuan-Source acupoints. The Yuan-Sonrce acupoints on the yang meridians are located posterior to the Shu-Stream acupoints, but the Yuan-Source acupoints on the yin meridians are just the Shu-Stream acupoints. (see Table 4 - 3)

The Yuan-Source Acupoints and Luo-Connecting Acupoints

Meridian
Yuan
Luo
Meridian
Yuan
Luo

Meridian
Viscera)

Luo

Hand-Taiyin

Taiyuan
(LU 9)

Lieque
(LU 7)

Hand
Yangming

Hegu
(LI 4)

Pianli
(LI 6)

Conception
Vessel

Jiuwei
(CV 15)

Hand-jueyin

Daling
(PC 7)

Neiguan
(PC 6)

Hand
shaoyang

Yangchi
(TE 4)

Waiguan
(TE 5)

Governor
vessel

Changqiang
(GV 1)

Hand-Shaoyin

Shenmen
(HT 7)

Tongli
(HT 5)

Hand
Taiyang

Wangu
(SI 4)

Zhizheng
(SI 7)

Spleen
(Major Luo)

Dabao
(SP 21)

Foot-Taiyin

Taibai
(SP 3)

Gongsun
(SP 4)

Foot
yangming

Chongyang
(ST 42)

Fenglong
(ST 40)

   

Foot-jueyin

Taichong
(LR 3)

Ligou
(LR 5)

Foot
shaoyang

Qiuxu
(GB 40)

Guangming
(GB 37)

   

Foot-shaoyin

Taixi
(KI 3)

Dazhong
(KI 4)

Foot
taiyang

Jinggu
(BL 64)

Feiyang
(BL 58)

   

 

  Luo-Connecting acupoints are situated at the places where the twelve regular meridians, the conception and governor vessels are distributed. Each has one Luo-Connecting acupoint and the spleen has another major Luo-Connecting acupoint. So altogether there are 15 Luo-Connecting acupoints. The Luo-Connecting acu-points function to connect the meridians internally and ex-ternally related to each other and are used to treat disor-ders of such pairs of meridians. The Luo-Connecting acu-points on the conception and governor vessels as well as the major Luo-Connecting acupoint of spleen are mainly used to treat diseases of the trunk (see Table 4 - 3).

  In clinical treatment, the Yuan-source acupoints and Luo-Connecting acupoints may be used inde-pendently or in combination. The method for the combina-tion of Yuan-source and Luo-Connecting acupoints is to se-lect the corresponding Yuan-source acupoint of the viscus primarily involved and the corresponding Luo-Connecting acupoint of the viscus secondarily involved. Usually this method is to deal with the disorders involving the meridi-ans Liangqiu (ST 34), the Xi-Cleft acupoint of the stomach meridian, is selected to treat acute stomachache.

 Application of Back-Shu and Front-Mu acupoints
4.3.3.3.1  Back-Shu acupoints are located on the back while Front-Mu acupoints are located on the chest and abdomen. Each zang organ and fu organ has one Back-Shu and one Front-Mu acupoint respectively. These acu-points are the areas where visceral qi infuses. So tender-ness can be found on these areas when pathological chan-ges have taken place in the viscera. Back-Shu and Front-Mu acupoints can be used to treat visceral diseases and Back-Shu acupoints can also be used to treat disorders of tissues and organs pertaining to the corresponding viscer-a. For example, Ganshu (BL 18) may be chosen to treat eye or tendon disorders. (see Table 4 - 4)


    The Five-Shu acupoints on the Yin Meridians

Zang Organ

Back-Shu
Acupoint

Front-Mu
Acupoint

Fu Organ

Back-Shu
Acupoint

Front-Mu
Acupoint

Lung

Feishu
(BL 3)

Zhongfu
(LU 1)

Stomach

Weishu
(BL 21)

Zhongwan
(CV 12)

Pericardium

Jueyinshu
(BL 14)

Tanzhong
(CV 17)

Gallbladder

Danshu
(BL 19)

Riyue
(GB 24)

Heart

Xinshu
(BL 15)

Juque
(CV 14)

Large
Intestine

Dachangshu
(BL 25)

Tianshu
(ST 25)

Liver

Ganshu
(BL 18)

Qimen
(LR 14)

Small
intestine

Xiaochangshu
(BL 27)

Guanyuan
(CV 4)

Spleen

Pishu
(BL 20)

Zhangmen
(LR 13)

Bladder

Pangguangshu
(BL 28)

Zhongji
(CV 3)

Kidney

Shenshu
(BL 23)

Jingmen
(GB 25)

Triple
energizer

Sanjiaoshu
(BL 22)

Shimen
(CV 5)


Meridian
Jing-Well
       (Wood)
Ying-Spring(Fire)
Shu-Stream
       (Earth)
Jing-River
     (Metal)
He-Sea
     (Water)
Lung
Hand-taiyin
Shaoshang
     (LU 11)
Yuji
           (LU 10)
Taiyuan
       (LU 9)
Jingqu
      (LU 8)
Chize
     (LU 5)
Pericardium
 Hand-jueyin
Zhongchong
     (PC 9)
Laogong
           (PC 8)
Daling
       (PC 7)
Jianshi
     (PC 5)
Quze
     (PC 3)
Heart
 Hand-jueyin
Shaochong
     (HT 9)
Shaofu
            (HT 8)
Shenmen
       (HT 7)
Lingdao
     (HT 4)
Shaohai
     (HT 3)
Spleen
  foot-taiyin
Yinbai
    (SP 1)
Dadu
             (SP 2)
Taibai
       (SP 3)
Shangqiu
     (SP 5)
Yinlingquan
     (SP 9)
Liver
foot-jueyin
Dadun
    (LR 1)
Xingjian
             (LR 2)
Taichong
       (LR 3)
Zhongfeng
     (LR 4)
Ququan
     (LR 8)
Kidney
 foot-shaoyin
Yongquan
    (KI 1)
Rangu
             (KI 2)
Taixi
        (KI 3)
Fuliu
      (KI 7)
Yingu
     (KI 10)



  The Back-Shu and Front-Mu Acupoints of the Twelve Zang-fu Organs

The Back-Shu acupoints and the Front-Mu acupoints can be used independently or in combina-tion. When used together, this method is called Shu-Mu compatibility.

 Application of the Lower He-Sea acupoints
    The Lower He-Sea acupoints refer to the six acu-points located on the three yang meridians of foot. The Lower He-Sea acupoints of the three yang meridians of foot are the He-Sea acupoints in the Five-Shu acupoints on the meridians proper. The Lower He-sea acupoints are closely related to the six fu organs and are used to treat the disorders of six fu organs (see Table 4 - 5).

  The Lower He-Sea Acupoints

Six Fu-Organs

Lower He-Sea Point

Pertaining Meridian

Stomach
Large intestine
Small intestine

Zusanli(ST 36)
Shangjuxu(ST 37)
Xiajuxu(ST 39)

Stomach meridian of
foot-yangming

Gallbladder

Yanglingquan

Gallbladder meridian of foot-shaoyang

Bladder
Triple energizer

Weizhong(BL 40)
Weiyang (BL 39)

Bladder meridian of
foot-taiyang

 Application of the Eight Confluent acupoints
    The Eight Confluent acupoints refer to the eight acu-points where the essence of zang, fu, qi, blood, tendon, vessels, bone and marrow accumulates respectively. In clinical treatment, they are selected to treat the disorders related to the essence of the corresponding organs or tis-sues. For example, Geshu (BL 17), the confluent acu-point of the blood, is used to treat the syndrome of blood stagnation. (see Table 4 - 6)

     The Eight Confluent Acupoints

Eight Confluences

Eight Confluent acupoints

Pertaining Meridians

Zang Organs
Fu Organs
Qi
Blood
Tendon
Pulses and Vessels
Bone
Marrow

Zhangmen(LR 13)
Zhongwan(CV 12)
Tanzhong(CV 17)
Geshu(BL 17)
Yanglingquan(GB 34)
Taiyuan(LU 9)
Dazhu(BL 11)
Xuanzhong(GB 39)

 

Liver meridian of foot-jueyin
Conception vessel
Conception Vessel
Bladder Meridian of Foot-Taiyang
Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang
Lung Meridian of Hand-Taiyin
Bladder Meridian of Foot-Taiyang
Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang

 Application of Xi-Cleft acupoints
    The Xi-Cleft acupoints are those located at the sites where qi and blood in the meridians converges and accu-mulates. There are sixteen such points on the twelve main meridians, yin link and yang link as well as yin heel and yang heel vessels. (see Table 4 - 7)

 The Sixteen Xi-Cleft Acupoints

Name of the Meridians
Xi-Cleft Acupoints
Name of the Meridians
Lung meridian of hand-taiyin
Kongzui
(LU 6)
Wenliu
(LI 7)
Large intestine meridian of hand-yangming
Pericardium meridian of hand-jueyin
Ximen
(PC 4)
Huizong
(TE 7)
Triple energizer meridian of hand-shaoyang
Heart meridian of hand shaoyin
Yinxi
(HT 6)
Yanglao
(SI 6)
Small intestine meridian of hand-taiyang
Spleen meridian of foot-taiyin
Diji
(SP 8)
Liangqiu
(ST 34)
Stomach meridian of foot-yang-ming
Liver meridian of foot-jueyin
Zhongdu
(LR 6)
Waiqiu
(GB 36)
Gallbladder meridian of foot-shaoyang
Kidney meridian of foot-shaoyin
Shuiquan
(KI 5)
Jinmen
(BL 63)
Bladder meridian of foot-taiyang
Yin link vessel
Zhubin
(KI 9)
Yangjiao
(GB 35)
Yang link vessel
Yin heel vessel
Jiaoxin
(KI 8)
Fuyang
(BL 59)
Yang heel vessel


The Xi-Cleft acupoints are used mainly to treat acute diseases. For example, Liangqiu (ST 34), the Xi-Cleft acupoint of the stomach meridian, is selected to treat acute stomachache.

 Application of the eight Convergent acupoints
    The Eight Convergent acupoints are the eight acu-points usually located around the wrists or ankles through which the twelve regular meridians are connected with the eight extra vessels. These eight Convergent acupoints are divided into four groups and each group is the fixed combi-nation of the two acupoints on the hand and foot (see Ta-ble 4  8). 


 

 

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