Many programs designed to treat persistent stuttering focus on relearning how to speak or unlearning faulty ways of speaking. The psychological side effects of stuttering that often occur, such as fear of speaking to strangers or in public, may also be addressed. A speech-language pathologist is someone trained to help individuals who stutter. other forms of therapy include medications or electronic devices. Drugs, however, may have side effects that make them difficult to use for long-term treatment.
Stuttering research is also ongoing. It is exploring ways to improve the diagnosis and treatment of stuttering, as well as to identify its causes. stuttering characteristics are being examined to help identify groups of individuals who have similar types of stuttering and therefore may have a common cause behind their stuttering. Research is also being conducted to see if there is a genetic connection. Tools such as PET (positron emission tomography) scans and functional MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans are also being used to examine the brain structure of individuals who stutter.
Although there may be no "cure" for stuttering, therapy can help a person to speak more easily, and to deal with the psychological impact of stuttering.