Prevention and treatment of neonatal pneumonia

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Neonatal pneumonia generally fall into two categories:

1. Aspiration pneumonia fetus in the womb or during delivery inhaled amniotic fluid, meconium, or birth canal secretions, or breast milk after birth, such as caused by inhalation, and often secondary infection.

2. Pneumonia prenatal infections (in the mother's body) usually from E. coli, anaerobes, hemolytic streptococcus and viruses (cytomegalovirus, wind attending virus) cause. During childbirth or puerperal infection often by Staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, hemolytic streptococcus to cause respiratory viruses.

Clinical

The lack of typical manifestation. Usually manifested pale or bluish-purple, body temperature did not rise, vomit foam, reduce or reject milk sucking, breathing growing fast, nose flap and difficulty breathing. Lungs can hear the wet rales or signs of obvious. Chest X-ray photograph may have patchy pneumonia in the shadow of the change.
 
Treatment

① body temperature did not rise but should insulation.
② careful feeding.
② pale or cyanosis, difficulty in breathing person should give oxygen.
④ intravenous antibiotics, often combined with penicillin and gentamicin, or ampicillin and gentamicin for Staphylococcus aureus infection if it can be used oxacillin. Course of antibiotics is usually 10 ~ 15 days.

Prevention

① maternal attention to health.
② childbirth to avoid suffocation, to prevent the inhalation of amniotic fluid, meconium.
③ to strengthen newborn health, indoor air circulation, fresh, and avoid contact with respiratory tract infections.

Prevention and treatment of neonatal pneumonia


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