Old children more susceptible to pneumonia
Winter has increased significantly in patients with pneumonia, in which poor immunity, the elderly and infants more vulnerable to pneumonia. Many pneumonia is caused by a cold long treatment.
In winter, indoor and outdoor temperature difference greater the respiratory tract to withstand severe temperature changes, combined with dry air, resulting in epithelial cells the ability to remove pathogenic microorganisms outside world receded, so winter is a good season of pneumonia.
The elderly are often not typical symptoms of pneumonia. Elderly patients with pneumonia are often no obvious cough, sputum, fever, chest pain and other symptoms could easily be neglected themselves and their families. The more common symptoms of respiratory rate increased rapidly, or difficulty breathing. The more common symptoms of systemic poisoning may occur earlier, such as fatigue, apathy, etc. consciousness. A small number of senile pneumonia with prominent gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, indigestion and so on. Elderly pneumonia Another remarkable feature is that more complications. This is mostly related to elderly patients with the original basis for a number of chronic diseases. Common complications include shock, severe sepsis or sepsis, arrhythmia and heart failure, respiratory failure and multiple organ failure, these complications are caused by pneumonia in the elderly leading cause of death.
Infants and young children due to the limited ability to express, got pneumonia, parents may be suspected to be delays in the treatment of other diseases. Children's symptoms, starting usually fever, cough, shortness of breath, severe nose visible fan, nodding his head like breathing, as well as the nose, lip and bruising around there, looking schungite children with severe, pale; some will have vomiting, diarrhea; there The Council irritability, mental dejected, coma sleep, moaning and so on, and attentive mother, can also be heard from the child's breath sounds sputum.
If the elderly or children with pneumonia symptoms, we must promptly sent to hospital for treatment. Doctors by auscultation, blood tests, chest X-ray film, etc. to confirm the diagnosis.
Played a very effective vaccine
In winter to prevent pneumonia, the first anti-flu, for the physical weak populations, as some elderly people with chronic diseases and immunity does not sound a child, it should be cold in the winter before entering high rate of flu vaccination. Secondly, or play pneumonia vaccine. Particularly the elderly, children, patients with underlying diseases, with coronary heart disease, diabetes, chronic bronchitis, asthma, neurological diseases and other patients can be vaccinated. Once a pneumonia vaccine to control the general five-year, five years after re-vaccination.
Pneumonia vaccine protection rate can reach 70%.
However, the pneumonia vaccine can not be vaccinated in the acute stage of the disease. For example, patients who are in a fever, chronic bronchitis attack, acute asthma, etc. are not suitable for vaccination.
How to prevent pneumonia in life
Prevention of pneumonia should start from the usual, regular and reasonable exercise such as walking, tai chi, jogging, etc., which not only physical health, enhance immune function, but also to improve the gastrointestinal tract blood circulation, enhance the sudden change of temperature and cold adaptation; also do deep breathing exercise and chest movement to enhance lung function. Physical exercise should be to avoid the morning and evening time for the lower outdoor temperatures can be warmer in the afternoon some time, and to avoid respiratory tract causing an additional burden.
Cold warm to prevent the cold flu. After the loss of upper respiratory tract due to a cold barrier function, the virus will drive straight to the lungs, causing pneumonia. If a sore throat, stuffy nose, cough and other symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection should be promptly treated to prevent the bacteria invade the lungs to develop into pneumonia.
The body's immunity and nutrition are closely related and should therefore be to strengthen nutrition in the diet to choose high-protein, high-carbohydrate low-fat foods, as well as rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, vegetables and fruits, such as proper eating more fish, lean meat, beef and mutton, chicken and eggs, cauliflower, carrots, tomatoes, apples, bananas, pears and so on.
Keep the premises clean ventilation, improving indoor environmental health, to keep the air fresh.