If you have received a gestational diabetes diagnosis, There are basically two types of gestational diabetes. Type A1 and Type A2. In some cases, Type A1 can turn into type A2, if diet does not work to control the condition. However, some women get a gestational diabetes diagnosis of A2 even if they have been following the rules and trying to eat healthier.
A gestational diabetic with Type A2 needs to have medication to keep the blood glucose levels under control. This medication is a form of insulin that will help the body produce this hormonal component so that it can properly digest foods and eliminate waste by processing insulin in the pancreas. Those who get a gestational diabetes diagnosis are not producing enough insulin, which then causes the pancreas to convert to glucose and distribute into the bloodstream. Both A1 and A2 gestational diabetes are similar to Type 2 diabetes in which the body is insulin resistant.
A gestational diabetic should not be confused with someone who already has the condition and gets pregnant. There are three basic types of diabetes mellitus. Gestational diabetes is a condition that affects pregnant women who have never before had the disease. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed early in life and is an auto immune disease in which the body attacks the cells creating the insulin, requiring daily insulin injections or an insulin pump. Type 2 diabetes is when the body does not produce enough insulin and is often related to age as well as obesity.
Risk factors for a gestational diabetes diagnosis include obesity, unhealthy eating habits such as too many simple carbohydrates and gaining too much weight while pregnant. Most women who are gestational diabetic have these risk factors and have A1 gestational diabetes. Risk factors for an A2 gestational diabetes diagnosis, however, include age, a family history of Type 2 diabetes and smoking. While women who are gestational diabetic with A1 can often control the condition with diet alone, those who receive a gestational diabetes diagnosis of A2, which usually occurs around 24 weeks of pregnancy, need insulin medication. In both cases, a gestational diabetic should still watch her intake of food, avoiding simple carbohydrates as well as harmful habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol and caffeine intake.
A gestational diabetes diagnosis puts a woman at risk for a high birth weight baby as well as hearth and skull birth defects for the baby. Women who are gestational diabetic often reverse the condition after birth, which is usually done by C-section, however, some go on to develop Type 2 diabetes which is not a reversible condition and needs lifelong treatment.