• tcmwell.com

Ophthalmology-The Relationship between the Eyes and the Viscera

Views:
Updated: Wednesday, Sep 02,2009, 1:01:43 PM
  • A
  • A
  • A
Share this URL

The eyes depend on the nourishment from the visceral essence to see things and distinguish colors. It is said in Lingshu that "The visceral essence flows upwards into the eyes." That's why dysfunction of the viscera leads to eye disorders.

The Relationship between the Eyes and the Heart and Small Intestine

 

 The heart houses spirit and the eyes are commanded by the heart
Though the spirit is governed by the heart, its outward manifestations are in the eyes. In the Chapter of Treasure of Eyes in Shenshi Yaohan, it says:"The heart spirit displayed in the eyes is vision and the kidney water enables the eyes to see everything. "


 The relationship between the eyes and the small intestine
In the Chapter of Linglan Midian in Suwen, it says:"The small intestine is the organ responsible for reception and transformation." The small intestine separates the lucid from the turbid when food and water are taken into the body. The lucid part is transported to the whole body by the spleen to nourish the eyes. Besides,the heart and the small intestine are internally and externally related to each other.The functional state of the small intestine not only relates to the heart, but also affects the eyes.

The heart governs the vessels that are all related to the eyes

In the Chapter of Generation of the Five Zang-organs in Suwen, it says: "All blood is related to the eyes", "the heart is associated with the vessels", "all the vessels are related to the eyes". In the Chapter of Pulse Abstruseness in Suwen,it says:"The vessels house blood." The heart governs vessels. The blood in the vessels is propelled by heart qi to circulate throughout the body and into the eyes. That is why the eyes are able to see.

 The Relationship between the Eyes and the Liver and Gallbladder
   The liver qi enters the eyes
The provision of blood and fluid to the eyes depends on the propelling power of qi. The normal activity of qi is related to the diffusing and dispersing function of the liver. That is why it is said in the Chapter of Measurement of Pulse in Lingshu that "The liver-qi enters the eyes and the normal function of the liver ensures normal vision of the eyes."


 The liver meridian is connected with the eyes
The liver meridian is connected with the eyes as it is mentioned in the Chapter of Meridians and Vessels in Lingshu. Among the twelve meridians, only the liver
meridian is directly connected with the eyes. The liver meridian serves to connect the liver and the eyes internally and externally, associates the eyes with the liver and transports qi and blood.


 The relationship between the eyes and gallbladder
The surplus of liver qi enters the gallbladder and accumulates into essence known as bile, the secretion and excretion of which is influenced by the diffusing and dispersing function of the liver. Bile is very important to the eyes. In the Chapter of Normal Span of Life in Lingshu, it says "At the age of fifty live-qi begins to decline, the liver lobes become thin, the bile is reduced and the eyes become dim." In Zhengzhi Zhunshen, it further suggests that bile condenses into essence to nourish the eyes.
 

The liver opens into the eyes
In the Chapter of Jingui Zhenyanlun in Suwen, it says:"The east is related to the green color and correspords to the liver which opens into the eyes. The essence of the eyes is stored in the liver. " This means that the eyes are the orifices for the liver to communicate with the external environment. Only when the essential substance stored in the liver is transported to the eyes can the eyes be nourished and see things.
  The storage of blood in the liver enables the eyes to see things
The eyes are the outward orifices of the liver because the eyes are nourished by the blood from the liver. That is why it is said, in the Chapter of Generation of the Five Zang-organs in Suwen, that "Storage of blood in the liver enables the eyes to see things."

 The Relationship between the Eyes and the Spleen and Stomach

  The spleen commands blood and the blood nourishes the eyes
In the Section of Blood Syndrome in the Chapter of Miscellaneous Syndromes in Jingyue's Book, it says:"Since the spleen commands blood, deficiency of spleen-qi
makes it difficult to control blood. Since the spleen produces blood, deficiency of spleen-qi makes it fail to govern blood and leads to extravasation of blood." Circulation of blood in the ocular collaterals depends on spleen-qi to command blood. If the spleen-qi is deficient, it will lead to ocular hemorrhage.


 The spleen governs muscles and monitors the opening and closing of the eyelids
In the Chapter of Flaccidity in Suwen, it says:"The spleen controls the muscles in the whole body." Since the spleen is responsible for the transportation and transformation of water and food, the essense derived from which can nourish the muscles. With the nourishment provided by the spleen, the eyelids are able to open and close.

 The relationship between the eyes and the stomach

The spleen and stomach are internally-externally paired and regarded as the acquired base of life.
In the Chapter of Transmission and Transformation of Asthenia and Sthenia in Piwei Lun (Discussion on the Spleen and Stomach), it says: "The nine orifices are dominated by the five zang-organs. With the nourishment of stomach-qi, the five zang-organs can function normally. "It also points out that "If the stomach-qi becomes deficient,the ears, eyes, mouth and nose will all be in disorder." Besides, in the Chapter of the Manifestations of Yin and Yang in Suwen, it says: "The lucid yang flows into the upper orifices while the turbid yin goes into the lower orifices." Since the spleen is responsible for ascending the lucid and the stomach for descending the turbid, the normal functions of both organs will direct the turbid to be discharged from the lower orifices and not to attack the upper orifices.

The spleen transports essence upwards into the eyes
In the Chapter of Yuji Zhenzanglun in Suwen, it says.. "Deficiency of the spleen leads to the obstruction of the nine orifices", indicating that deficiency of the spleen can also cause the disorder of the eyes. In the Chapter of Manifestations of yin and yang in Suwen, it says: "The lucid yang is emitted from the upper orifices." Spleen-qi ascends to transport essential substances to the eyes, so that the eyes are nourished by the lucid yang and can see things.

 

The Relationship between the Eyes and the Lung and the Large Intestine

The dispersing and descending functions of the lung smooth the ocular collaterals
The normal functions of the lung make the blood vessels smooth. With the warming and nourishment of the defensive qi and body fluids, the eyes will maintain normal
in functions because turbid substances descend and will not affect the eyes.

The relationship between the eyes and the large intestine
The small intestine transfers turbid materials into the large intestine which transforms them into waste. Such a tranference and transformation depends on lung-qi to depurate, descend and discharge waste from the body. If heat is accumulated in the large intestine, it will affect the functions of the lung, leading to disorders of the eyes due to stagnation of qi, blood and body fluids.

The lung controls qi and the normal function of qi ensures nomral vision
The lung is associated with all vessels and controls qi. Qi can promote blood circulation to nourish and warm the whole body. With the nomral function of lung-qi and smooth flow of qi and blood, the visceral essence flows into the eyes to enable the eyes to see things. If lung-qi is deficient, the eyes will lose sufficient nourishment and become dim.

The Relationship between the Eyes and the Kidney and Bladder

The kidney controls body fluids and moistens the ocular balls
In the Chapter of Reverse Regulation in Suwen, it says: "The kidney is a water organ and controls fluid." In the Chapter of Differentiation of Five Kinds of Retention and Fluid in Lingshu, it says: "Fluid from the five zangorgans and six fu-organs all comes into eyes. " In the eyes, fluid transforms into tears to moisten the eyes and vital liquids to nourish the eyes.

Superabundance of kidney essence enables the eyes to see things
In the Chapter of Genuine Discussion in the Antique in Suwen, it says: "The kidney controls water and receives and stores essence from the five zang-organs and
six fu-organs." That is why the eyes are in close relationship with the kidney essence.

 The relationship between the eyes and the bladder
The qi transformation in bladder depends on the state of kidney qi. If kidney qi is insufficient or if damp-heat is accumulated, it will lead to dysfunction of the kidney in transforming qi, resulting in retention of fluid and invasion of fluid into the eyes. Besides, the bladder meridian controls the surface of the whole body and is subject to attack by exogenous pathogenic factors which causes eye disorders.


 The Relationship between the Eyes and the Triple Energizer

The triple energizer is a solitary fu-organ and functions to transport primordial qi, food and water as well as to dredge water passage. The dysfunction of triple energizer will lead to disturbance in digestion, absorption, distribution and discharge of water and food, depriving the eyes of sufficient nourishment. Unsmoothness of the triple energizer will result in retention of fluid, upward invasion of pathogenic water into the eyes and occurrence of eye diseases.


The relationships between the eyes and the viscera are different and have their own characteristics. Physiologically they depend on each other and pathologically they affect each other.

Tags: Make-love Vaginal-relaxation Insomnia pharyngitis love Kidney-stones Sleeping-temperature apples Leek Sex-vaginitis Cancer Hyperlipemia Prevent-cancer Hepatitis-B Wrapping-glans Wrapping-glans-phlog appendicitis -infertility Breast-Pain Trichomonas-vaginiti vaginitis Erectile-Dysfunction Breeding-human-sperm Male-infertility Male-fertility Chronic-colitis colitis Colon Colon-cancer Prostate-cancer

Comments
Post A Comment