* Acute sinusitis - This is often the result of an infection. The infection can be from a virus. It can also result from bacteria. A bacterial infection can occur as a complication of a cold, because if the cold causes nasal passages to clog, the sinuses get clogged too and over time, this can create a breeding ground for bacteria.
* Chronic sinusitis - This can be the result of infection or allergies, but very often, it is the result of chronic inflammatory problems or structural problems with the sinuses. that chronic sinusitis can be triggered by exposure to air pollution, alcohol, chlorine in swimming pools and air pressure changes.
Treatment of sinusitis depends on the original cause of the inflammation. Treatment options include:
* Medications - If you have acute sinusitis, your doctor may recommend pain relievers. Decongestants may also be used to reduce congestion and the swelling of the nose. You should, however, use over-the-counter or prescription decongestant nose drops and sprays for only few days; that if you use these medicines for longer periods, they can lead to even more congestion and swelling of your nasal passages.
* Antibiotics - If your doctor determines that there is a bacterial infection present, you may also be given antibiotics.
* Air filters - If the cause is an allergy issue, air filters can help.
* Endoscopic surgery - This procedure involves the insertion of an endoscope, a thin fiber-optic tube, into the nose. With the endoscope, doctors can examine the sinuses as well as remove abnormal and obstructive tissues. that in most cases, the surgical procedure is performed entirely through the nostrils, leaving no external scars. the advantage of the procedure is that the surgery is less extensive and there is often less removal of normal tissues. This type of surgery can often be performed on an outpatient basis.
* Balloon endoscopic surgery - A procedure using a thin balloon similar to an angioplasty balloon can open the sinus passages and provide easier breathing. In many cases, no tissue is removed. This procedure may also provide relief for sinus headaches.
Symptoms of sinusitis include a painful pressure inside the head, known as a sinus headache. There can also be thick nasal discharge, fever, congestion, tiredness and a sore throat.
Whatever the initial cause, sinusitis needs to be treated or complications can result. that on rare occasions sinusitis can result in a brain infection and even death. If someone is experiencing chronic sinusitis, they should seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause, because tumors or polyps in the sinuses could be one of the reasons.
If the cause of the sinusitis is a problem such as tumors, polyps or structural issues such as deviated septum, surgery to repair those underlying conditions would be required.