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The diagnosis of ureteral calculi

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Updated: Wednesday, Dec 09,2009, 5:32:58 PM
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The diagnosis of ureteral calculi

The correct diagnosis of ureteral stones is not only the availability of certain stones, but also determine the stone size, location, on both sides of kidney function and degree of hydronephrosis, with or without infection. A typical diagnosis of renal colic and hematuria is an important clue. Attack of pain rib ridge district tenderness, percussion pain. Lower ureteral stones larger women can be hit at the vaginal vault.

More than 90% of ureteral stones in the urinary tract can be shown on plain film, calcium oxalate display the best available, subject to the abdominal lymph nodes with calcification, pelvic vein stone, appendix and bone islands within the bezoar angle phase identification. Intravenous urography mainly aimed at understanding the site of stones and renal function and the availability of water, if necessary, line of high-dose urography and radionuclide renography examination, are able to learn more about renal function.

Cystoscopy and ureteral catheterization at disruption in the stone, and making plain film calcification in the shadow of the catheter in the same plane, that is sure diagnosis of ureteral stones. Calculus using air as a contrast agent for retrograde contrast radiography may show the presence of stones. Another CT and B-mode ultrasound examinations were helpful to the non-imaging X-ray diagnosis of stones.

Tags: calculi ureteral

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