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Spinal Arthritis

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Updated: Friday, Mar 27,2009, 11:15:37 AM
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Swelling Stiffness of the joint between the pelvic bones (the ilium) and bone-shaped wedge at the base of the spine (sacrum) Pain Difficulty moving Ankylosing spondylitis can also cause inflammation of the eyes, lungs, and heart valves. WhaLongBiao

Swelling Stiffness of the joint between the pelvic bones (the ilium) and bone-shaped wedge at the base of the spine (sacrum) Pain Difficulty moving Ankylosing spondylitis can also cause inflammation of the eyes, lungs, and heart valves. Wha...

Swelling
Stiffness of the joint between the pelvic bones (the ilium) and bone-shaped wedge at the base of the spine (sacrum)
Pain
Difficulty moving
Ankylosing spondylitis can also cause inflammation of the eyes, lungs, and heart valves.
What is ankylosing spondylitis?
Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that mainly affects the spine. Spondylitis is an inflammation of the vertebrae, which are the building blocks of the spine.
Spondylosis is the Greek word for vertebra
Ankylosing, another Greek word, agkylosis, means causing stiffness and immobility of a joint
Inflammation is the body's response to a variety of causes of irritation or injury. In this disease, inflammation causes:
Here is how the ankylosing spondylitis in the body:

Ankylosing spondylitis causes inflammation of the tendons and ligaments that connect the vertebrae.
This inflammation causes damage to bone, the body heals and the more damage caused by new bone.
This bone growth replaces the elasticity of soft tissues and joints may fuse the vertebrae.
This merger creates more stiffness and pain.
Stiffness and pain usually begins in the pelvis and at the base of the spine and moves up into the back neck.
It may also affect the hips and shoulders, the other major joints of the arms and legs, and heels.

Ankylosing spondylitis is a relatively rare disease that usually strikes in late adolescence and early adulthood. It can be mild or somewhat severe. Early diagnosis and treatment can control pain and stiffness and reduce the risk of major handicap.

Nice To Know:

Ankylosing spondylitis is an arthritis group of diseases called spondyloarthropathies. These diseases, which tend to cause chronic inflammation of the spine, are the following:

Reactive arthritis, formerly called Reiter's syndrome, a disorder of arthritis which often affects several joints in the legs as the knees, feet, ankles, and following a common sacral trigger intestinal or genital infection.
Psoriatic arthritis, a form of arthritis associated with lesions of the skin (psoriasis), especially on the fingers and toes.
Arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease)
Arthritis associated with ulcerative colitis

Understanding the spine

The spine is composed of 33 bones called vertebrae and 110 joints. It is divided into:

7 cervical vertebrae (neck)
12 thoracic vertebrae (the upper back with the seal ribs)
5 lumbar vertebrae (lower back)
5 sacral vertebrae (which fuse to form the sacrum)
4 vertebra coccygeal (tailbone)

The neck is the most mobile of the spine. The flat, triangular sacrum is connected to the pelvis by two articulations sacro. The ilium is broad, plate-like wing of the basin.

Each of the joints is maintained by tendons and ligaments and separated by intervertebral discs.

Facts About Ankylosing Spondylitis

A tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis occurs in families, it is 10 to 20 times more common among people whose parents or siblings have it.
It is most prevalent among Americans and white Europeans.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a rare disease. According to the American College of Rheumatology, 129 to 100,000 people in the United States have ankylosing spondylitis.
Up to two million Americans living with ankylosing spondylitis.
Ankylosing spondylitis occurs in men, three or four times more often than females.
It most often begins between the ages of 20 and 40, but in some cases, it started in May before the age of 10 years.


   

Tags: Arthritis Spinal

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