Prevention of venous thrombosis
Venous thromboembolism is a high mortality rate of common diseases. Early prevention of venous thromboembolism can effectively reduce its incidence.
Venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), due to the existence in the pathogenesis of the two interrelated, now has two as a unified disease. VTE is common in the United States and Europe, the incidence rate of one thousandth, but there is an increasing trend, and with the increase in the risk of death, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism early mortality are high. Were 3.8% and 38.9%. The development of non-invasive diagnostic techniques to simplify the diagnosis of VTE, and the detection rate. However, fatal PE may be the first manifestation of the disease. In addition, the age is a risk factor for VTE and its complications, the increase in aging population will lead to future death and disability of the disease increased. The event of serious consequences of pulmonary embolism and venous thromboembolism should focus on prevention.
Prevention of venous thromboembolism
Epidemiological studies have shown that venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a patient death and disability in one of the main. PE is the most common and preventable cause of hospital deaths, preventing PE is to reduce inpatient mortality, the most important strategy. Massive PE before they occur usually without aura, so these patients a very low success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Death due to PE during hospitalization of patients ,70-80% before his death did not take into account the possibility of PE.
Most of the hospitalized patients had one or more risk factors for VTE, the existence of these risk factors are usually mixed. For example, the existence of hip fracture patients are usually older, lower limb proximal injury required surgical repair and postoperative risk factors such as braking a few weeks, so these patients have a high risk of VTE occur. As the same time, combined with tumor a higher risk of VTE occurred. For the patients should be routinely carried out the evaluation of risk factors for VTE, and targeted preventive measures. VTE risk factors in the table below.
Prevention of VTE should first conduct a risk stratification of patients and to take the group's strategy of prevention, stratification criteria include: age, nature of the disease and the patient's own factors.
VTE occurred in patients undergoing surgery affect the main factors include the type of surgery and surgical time, and the patient's own elements, according to the above factors in risk stratification of patients and take appropriate preventive measures. Table -2
Risk factors: VTE history, tumor, coagulation factor hypercoagulable state.
Merge the following risk factors, such as age, malignancy, there is neurological dysfunction, past history of VTE or surgery before the pathway.
VTE In addition to surgery or trauma and other related things, in fact, 50-70% of symptomatic thromboembolic events and 70-80% of fatal PE occurs in non-surgical patients. General medical inpatients, such as the failure to prevent occurrence when there is low to moderate risk of VTE, the incidence of asymptomatic DVT of 5-7%, and is mostly limited to distal lower extremity veins. However, some patients in severe medical illness significantly increased the risk of VTE, including: a result of congestive heart failure (New York Heart functional class III-and IV grade) or severe respiratory disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, worsening) in patients hospitalized , bed and accompanied by one or more of other risk factors: the active stage of cancer, history of VTE, sepsis, acute neurological diseases (stroke with lower limb activities, inconvenient) and inflammatory bowel diseases, many medical patients are often more kinds of risk factors, but also more complex.
In addition to hospitalized patients, other special circumstances, such as long-distance travel will also increase the risk of VTE, the flight time of more than 6 hours, regardless of whether the risk of VTE, it should be taken to avoid wearing tights objects lower extremities and waist, avoid dehydration, and frequent calf muscle stretching ; a VTE risk should consider the graded compression stockings or stroke before the application of a LMWH or a sulfonamide sodium decanoate up to the liver.
You may also be interested in:
French and U.S. scientists recently discovered that broccoli is not only rich
Tuberculosis, also known as tuberculosis, young people prone to a chronic
Appendicitis commonly known as appendicitis. Cecal appendix is near the head of
As the causes of acute appendicitis in children is not clear, in order to avoid
Insomnia is the inability of normal sleep, described the results obtained from
Colds are viruses diseases infected the upper respiratory tract and cold and
- Most Read
- Most Discussed
- Most Emailed
- Dietary treatment of chronic antral gastritis
- Tuberculosis, pneumonia, lung cancer, how to distinguish
- How to treat hepatic cysts
- Gastroptosis Symptoms
- Pyelonephritis diet and nursing
- The symptoms of gastric mucosa prolapse
- How do I care after appendectomy
- The symptoms of chronic antral gastritis
- Chinese medicine treatment "white hair"
- Modern treatment of chronic gastritis
Best of tcmwell.com
Lung abscess, visual observation Here are two lung abscess, one in the left
The slow progress of the disease is often recurrent, a good, middle-aged
Habitual abortion refers to pregnancy for women or 2 times 2 times more than
Understanding of the causes of high blood lipids Called diseases of modern
The majority of patients are most concerned about the treatment of chronic
Abnormal semen disease, refers to semen sperm count, viability, vitality,
- is it normal for the testes to hang in between a man's legs
- Is this a normal penis behavior?
- How to resolve constipation
- How can Healthy Weight Loss?
- How to treat gastric ulcer
- Gastric cancer patients to eat?
- How to care for patients with H1N1
- What is the reason for infertility
- Impotence causes
- Cause stomach pain reasons
- This is a urethral stones do?
- How treatment of stroke ?
- I do not know what the reason for feet of swollen?
- Irregular menstruation should be how Conditioning?
- Finger joint pain is not arthritis?
- Unexplained leukemia is a malignant disease
- The human body is composed of more than 200 bones of different shapes and sizes
- Modern Chinese medicine treatment for infertility
- Colds are viruses diseases infected the upper respiratory tract
- Gastric cancer is a common malignant tumor of digestive tract
- Habitual abortion refers to pregnancy for women or 2 times 2 times more than those of spontaneous ab
- Spinal Arthritis
- Traditional Chinese Medicine coughing Research
- The Ethnic Uniqueness Of China's Tibetan Medicine
- Primary liver cancer
- Modern treatment of chronic gastritis
- Insomnia is the inability of normal sleep
- Classification and characteristics of diseases of the Interi
- egg increases the risk of developing diabetes
- New Study Of Prescription