Urine disease diabetes is commonly known, because of the high sugar content in urine of patients with diabetes mellitus, sweet, and therefore also known as urine disease, is due to blood absolute or relative insulin deficiency, leading to high blood sugar, diabetes and appear, cause fat and protein metabolic disorder, clinical on can appear polyuria, polydipsia, much drink, much food, weight loss and other performance, or prone to chronic complications such as acute complications of diabetic ketoacidosis or vascular, nerve. Diabetes mellitus is a common endocrine and metabolic disease, the prevalence survey in 1980 0.67% of the population, but the Shanghai statistics 1978-1989 increased from 1.01 to 2.23%. The increase was mainly in patients with type 2 diabetes. The above facts show that, with the improvement of people's social and economic life, diabetes (especially type 2) patients had a rapid increase in momentum can not be ignored. Its features are as follows:
1, a little more than three: intake increased significantly, while the weight loss. With polydipsia and polyuria.
2, numbness: diabetes can cause peripheral neuritis, limb numbness, pain and burning sensation, also some people have to walk as treading cotton feeling. In the development of diabetic peripheral neuritis of late rate is higher.
3, skin pruritus: pruritus caused by diabetes, often make it difficult to sleep, especially female genital itching is more severe.
4, decreased visual acuity: diabetes can cause cataracts, lead to decreased visual acuity, progress faster, sometimes also can cause acute retinal pathological changes, cause acute vision drop.
In 5, biliary tract infection in patients with diabetes mellitus: hair cholecystitis incidence rate is very high, but without cholelithiasis, gallbladder gangrene and perforation occurs sometimes.
6, urinary tract infection, urinary tract infection caused by diabetes: there are two characteristics:
A, urinary tract originated in the kidney, and urinary tract infections in general originated from the lower urinary tract;
B, despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy of acute pyelonephritis, but still higher than the heating period of urinary tract infections in general heating period.
7, impotence: diabetes can cause neuropathy and vasculopathy, leading to male sexual dysfunction, impotence is most common in patients with diabetes, according to statistics, more than 60% occur impotence.
8, diarrhea and constipation: diabetes can cause visceral neuropathy, causing gastrointestinal disorders, thus appeared diarrhea and constipation intractable diarrhea, the use of antibiotics.