the symptoms of asthma can be mild or very severe. They include:
* wheezing - it sounds like you are whistling when you breathe
* feelings of chest tightness, like someone is sitting on your chest all the time
* shortness of breath
Asthma can be allergic or non-allergic.the symptoms for both are similar; the difference is in the triggers that produce the symptoms.
The symptoms of allergic asthma are triggered by inhaled allergens such as dust mites, pet dander, pollen or mold. Allergic irritants can be found at home, outdoors, in the workplace or in other locations.
Non-allergic asthma is triggered by factors not related to allergies, for example stress, exercise, cold air, dry air or hyperventilation. The American Academy of Allergy, potential irritants can include air pollutants, odors, sprays, changes in weather, viral infections, sinusitis , certain food additives, tobacco smoke and certain medications such as aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Gastroesophageal reflux disease can also trigger asthma symptoms.
asthma cannot be cured, but most people with asthma can control it so that they have few and infrequent symptoms and can live active lives. Your doctor will work with you to develop an asthma self-management plan for controlling your asthma on a daily basis and an emergency action plan for stopping asthma attacks. These plans will tell you what medicines you should take and other things you should do to keep your asthma under control. You should get and keep your action plan in writing, with step-by-step instructions for preventing and handling asthma attacks. Instructions should include:
* all your contacts for asthma information and treatment
* how to manage medications - what to take and when to take them
* how and when to use your peak flow meter, and what actions to take based on its readings
* how to recognize an asthma attack
* when to get immediate emergency care
* how to avoid asthma triggers