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Physiological and pathological characteristics of women

Updated: Tuesday, Mar 10,2009, 6:17:32 PM
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TCM gynecology is a clinical specialty and concentrates on the study of physiological and pathological, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to specific diseases and the principles relating to women. With a long history of two thousand yeaLongBiao

TCM gynecology is a clinical specialty and concentrates on the study of physiological and pathological, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to specific diseases and the principles relating to women. With a long history of two thousand yea...

TCM gynecology is a clinical specialty and concentrates on the study of physiological and pathological, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to specific diseases and the principles relating to women. With a long history of two thousand years of practice and improvement, gynecology TCM has developed a theory based on physiological and pathological characteristics of women who are very different from men.Women are characterized by the uterus, of the uterus and uterine collateral vessels in anatomy, menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and child-nutrition in the physiology and disorders of menstruation, leukorrhea, pregnancy and childbirth in the pathology . It is based on knowledge of the uterus, menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and child nutrition as well as their relationship with the viscera, meridians, qi and blood that TCM gynecology studies pathological features of disease of women and the principles of prevention and clinical treatment.


Menstruation refers to regular uterine bleeding in women of childbearing age, a manifestation of the normal activity of the reproductive function of women. Normal menstruation occurs once a month. But sometimes, in normal menstrual May occur once every two months, known as menstruation or once every two least three months known as the tri-monthly menstruation, or even once a year, known as menstruation each year. If menstruation never occurs in a woman's life, it is called latent menstruation. In some cases, menstruation occurs regularly in May the first three months of pregnancy, without affecting the fetus, it is called menstruation pregnancy.Such to changes in the rules are regarded as natural phenomena, not morbid.
Menstruation is out of the uterus, but its production is closely linked with the normal functions of the viscera, the exuberance of qi and blood, and the smooth flow of meridians. Among these factors, the blood is one of the important bases of fur menstruation. But the blood is produced from cereals processed nutrient, viscera and transported to the uterus through the meridians.

The production of menstruation is related to the viscera, meridians, qi and blood, especially the adequacy of kidney qi and the normal functions of the thoroughfareand ship design. Kidney qi is the key to the physiological development of women throughout life. According Neijing, at the age of 7 women is gradually in the kidney qi wealthy, beginning to change more and more teeth and long hair, at the age of 14 years, the substance is well developed, boat design is good outstanding, is on track to ship domination, menstruation occurs regularly and pregnancy is possible, at the age of 27 years, kidney qi is sufficient and it has reached the age of the baby bear at the age 28, his body is fully developed, but at age 35, Yangming meridian begins to fall, and his face begins to change her hair and starts to lose, at the age of 42, his body a further decline, his face became withered and gray hair starting to turn, at the age of 49 years, the design is flawed vessel, the artery vessel decreases, the substance has been depleted and menstruation stops. During this period, a woman is changed in the physical building, the decline in the sex glands and loses its ability to reproduce.

The uterus is located in the basin, upside down like a pear, after the front part of the bladder and rectum. The uterus is responsible for menstruation and conception of the fetus. Under physiological conditions, the uterus is to store gasoline and blood of menstruation or the development of the fetus, demonstrating the "disposal" of the Zang organs and rules of discharge or deliver the child, manifesting the "elimination" of the future organs. That is why it is called "extraordinary fu organ" in Neijing or Canon of Medicine. These physiological functions of the uterus are closely related to the meridians, internal organs, qi and blood. The uterus is connected with the heart and kidneys through the meridians. The heart governs the blood and kidney stores essence. Only when the blood is the heart and kidneys enough gas is abundant in blood and petrol can leak into the uterus to prepare rnenstruation and pregnancy. In addition, the uterus is also closely linked to the ship, ship design, ship and ship Governor of the belt by the meridians. This broad relationship with the meridians and vessels of the uterus can connect with the viscera and to perform its function in the management of menstruation and pregnancy.


Leukorrhea refers to a little white or transparent and odorless secretion in the vagina of healthy women to moisten the vagina. Leukorrhea is usually abundant after the rules or in the period between two cycles of rules or during pregnancy. It is physiological leukorrhea and is considered normal. Normal leukorrhea yin is a fluid in the body the nutrients from cereals, which are processed by the spleen and stomach, stored in the kidneys, which is governed by the design of ships, controlled by the belt of vessel and circulated continuously in the uterus.

Pregnancy and puerperiuln

After the occurrence of menstruation, women are still under-developed in the body and genitals, but is capable of becoming pregnant. The organ of pregnancy and childbirth is in the uterus. The mechanism of pregnancy is the combination of the essence of a man and a woman. If a woman is well developed in the kidney essence with the free movement of ship design and the fullness of the ship, it will be very easy to get pregnant when she has sex with a man. The development and growth of the fetus in the uterus have been described so vividly in some of the old Medical barrels.

After pregnancy, the qi and blood accumulates in the way of ships and ship design to provide food for the fetus. Therefore stops.But menstruation at an early stage of pregnancy, the uterus and gasoline stores never excrete. Since the fetus is developing in the womb and blood and Qi accumulate in the uterus, the two vessels in the path of movement is easy to move upwards. If the liver in blood gravida is insufficient, this will lead to a relative deficiency of liver yin, yang on the hyperactivity of the liver because blood accumulates in the uterus to nourish the fetus. The liver governs the ship channel, the simultaneous increase in the flow of the liver and the way qi qi ship often leads to the attack on the stomach. Therefore, at an early stage of pregnancy are morning dizziness, fatigue, drowsiness, preference for taste, nausea and vomiting which are physiological changes and usually disappear within three months. As the blood accumulates in the uterus to nourish a fetus, it is already inadequate during pregnancy. Haemorrhage during delivery further aggravates the shortage of blood. Asthenia of yin yang is unable to keep the interior and led to the leakage of yang, leading to symptoms like mild fever, aversion to cold and sweating, which spontaneously disappears automatically after the yin and yang are balanced . In addition, blood and profuse sweating asthenia May cause constipation, because the consumption of body fluid the intestines lose a good wetting.

After delivery, there will be nfilk secretion. Usually, during pregnancy, the breasts gradually enlarged areola of the mammary gland is thorough and is secreted foremilk. The milk is processed from the blood and produced by the stomach qi. Since the blood, propelled by lung-qi, is transformed into milk and stops flowing into the uterus, there is no menstruation during the nursing period.

Viscera, Qi, blood, meridians and their relationships with women physiologicalactivities


Physiologically, the viscera of women primarily designed to produce gasoline and transform Qi and blood. The heart governs the blood, the liver stores the blood, spleen and blood of commands is also the source of the blood, lungs and controls qi qi moves the blood, the kidney stores the essence and the essence and blood share the same origin. The organs and Zang-fu organs internally and externally related to each other, and control of production, storage and regulation of the essence, qi and blood, as closely related to menstruation, leukorrhea , pregnancy and childbirth. Among the organs and Zang-fuorgans, kidney, liver and spleen (stomach) are most important.

The main function of the kidney is composed of Qi kidney kidney kidney yin and yang, which depend on each other and control each other. It is the key factor to maintain vital functions and visceral physiological activities. The conditions of kidney Qi is directly related to physical development and reproduction of women. When kidneys Qi is exuberant, the tiangni, the substance in the kidney is fully developed, the design ship free qi and the way to ship is abundant in content. Under such a condition occurs regularly menstruation and pregnancy is possible.

The kidney-qi consolidation of functions and astringe and kidney is related to the uterus collaterals.After pregnancy, the fetus in the uterus depends on diet and kidney heat yin yang of the kidneys to develop normally.

The kidneys also govern water and the opening and closing activities. If the kidney is abundant in the normal qi and closing and opening, the yin constant flow in the design and belt vessels to lubricate the vagina and producing physiological leukorrhea.

The liver stores the blood and regulating the distribution and transmission of qi and blood, yin yang belonging to physically and functionally. Blood stored in the liver, nourishes all viscera and skeleton and flows into the path of the vessel. That is why it is said that "the liver govenls artery vessel and the liver is the congenital basis of life for women." The liver also plays an important role in the production of menstruation. The storage, movement and regulation of blood in the liver depends on the distribution and transport of liver qi. Only when the transmission and distribution functions of the liver is normal blood can flow into the uterus periodically. In addition, the liver starts from the big toe meridian
and moves upward along the interior line of the lower limbs and genitalia in the lower abdomen, linked to the liver, gallbladder and diaphragm, distribution over the coast hypochondria by side, and finally reaching the summit. Liver qi is also significant in the distribution and transport gastrosplenic qi and bile. The normal distribution and transportation functions of the liver qi is essential for the reception and digestion of food through the stomach, and the transformation of normal production of gasoline by the spleen, the proper transport of bile gallbladder and a production of qi and blood. Liver dysfunction in the distribution and transport affect the normal functions of the spleen, stomach and gallbladder, which led to the oppression epigastric, hypochondriac pain, bitter taste in the mouth, anorexia, abdominal distension and loose stools, which are commonly encountered in gynecology. Since the liver meridian distributed on the breasts, lower abdomen and genitals, the functions of the liver qi and the liver blood are closely related to the state of breastfeeding and nutrition genitals .

The spleen and stomach, the function of converting food and transportation of grain nutrients, known as post-bose of life and the source of qi and blood. Menstruation, the food of the fetus and milk production all depend on the spleen and stomach to transform nutrients and transport of grain to feed the qi and blood. The spleen also blood flow within the vessels. Normal functions of the normal rate of the production, transport and command of blood that are essential to menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding.

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