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Gestational diabetes mellitus etiology

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Updated: Monday, Nov 23,2009, 2:18:12 PM
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Pregnancy during the first discovery of any elevated levels of blood glucose levels, regardless of whether insulin or diet alone, and irrespective of whether this situation continues after birth, can be considered as gestational diabetes. Approximately 4% of expectant mothers who happen gestational diabetes.

In fact, during pregnancy because of endocrine disorders, the majority of pregnant women, glucose tolerance test results there is a certain degree of abnormal glucose tolerance or impaired. Of impaired glucose tolerance means: blood glucose levels higher than normal, but have not reached the standard diagnosis of diabetes. In the third trimester of pregnancy, that is the end of three months of pregnancy, this endocrine change in terms of so many pregnant women facing the risk of gestational diabetes risk.

During pregnancy, the placenta (a through the umbilical cord connecting the fetus and the mother of the structure) will be some kind of synthesis and secretion of hormones, this hormone to help the developing fetus from the mother's intake of more needed nutrients. In addition, the placenta will secrete a hormone to help other mothers to prevent the occurrence of low blood sugar. Both hormones are works by inhibiting the activity of insulin.

As the pregnancy progresses, these hormones can lead to the mother's glucose tolerance compromised. In order to reduce blood sugar levels, the mother will secrete more insulin, insulin to help blood glucose transported to the cell metabolic degradation, thereby reducing blood sugar levels. This is the body's adjustment method.

Under normal circumstances, the mother of the islets to secrete enough insulin (which is three times the pre-pregnancy) to confront those who elevated the role of hormones in order to maintain a normal blood sugar levels. However, if the insulin can not produce enough insulin, blood glucose levels will rise, leading to the occurrence of gestational diabetes.

Diabetes affects the mother to her baby's development. In early pregnancy, the mother's diabetes is associated with fetal defects or miscarriage. Most of the developmental defects can affect vital organs such as brain and heart.

The mid-and late pregnancy, the mother's diabetes is associated with excess fetal nutrition, fetal growth and speeding. Fetal body off of the General Assembly led to difficult labor or delivery process is too long, if it is through vaginal delivery, fetal shoulder injury is very high.

In addition, excess nutrients the fetus will suffer from hyperinsulinemia, after the birth of the baby's blood sugar will rapidly drop very low, because he could no longer get from his mother a lot of blood sugar.

However, if the treatment is correct, there is gestational diabetes mothers will give birth to a healthy baby. Therefore, I hope moms attention.




Tags: Diabetes Gestational

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