The human body is an organic whole, local pathological changes may affect the body. In addition, the pathological changes of internal organs may be reflected in the body surface.
The diagnostic methods of traditional Chinese medicine, including four basic methods: inspection, auscultation, smell, query and palpation. Cases of medical history, symptoms and signs obtained through these four diagnostic methods were analyzed and summarized in order to identify the causes, nature and the relationship between the disease and for further evidence of the dialectic differentiation. These four diagnostic methods, therefore, not a lack of significant differentiation and syndrome treatment measures.
Diagnosis by observation
Spirit - observed through the eyes, complexion, breathing, vitality, & aura describe, either strong or weak
wood tall & slender
fire small pointed head and small hands
metal broad square shoulders, strongly built and a triangular face
earth slightly fat, large head belly and thighs, wide jaws
water round face and body, and a long spine
Demeanour how the person moves should correspond with their constitution
- rapid jerky movements (Yang excess, or Heat)
- slow or lack of movement (Yin deficiency, or Cold)