Asthma is a common chronic respiratory disease of children in recent years, its incidence in the world on the rise, the developed countries the prevalence of asthma in children up to 10% or more. Asthma in children in China in 2000, the average prevalence rate of 1.97%, compared with 64.8% increase in 1990. Due to repeated attacks of asthma often difficult to cure, so serious impact on children with physical and mental health, but also to parents of children brought a heavy financial burden and mental stress. However, children with asthma is not invincible. Anyone familiar with the causes of asthma and master the proper prevention and control methods can effectively reduce the incidence of asthma, the frequency and disease severity, and gradually get rid of asthma troubles.
What is asthma in children
When children often cough, asthma, some parents worry that their children got asthma; but some have been diagnosed with asthma in children, parents also often reluctant to accept the fact that children are asthmatic. So what is it asthma? Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway diseases. Manifested as recurrent episodes of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, coughing and other symptoms, often exacerbated at night and early morning attack, most children were treated to alleviate or natural ease. When the children with the above-mentioned performance, except for other diseases caused by breathing in general can be diagnosed as asthma. Some slightly larger age children, will be there before the onset of aura symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal itching, throat discomfort, eye itching, tearing and so on. Special needs for attention, there is a stubborn cough, early morning and night heavy, dry cough with little phlegm and permanently, this is a special type of asthma, namely, cough variant asthma. If a child a long-term refractory cough, parents must be alert to whether the child suffered from cough variant asthma, and timely kids to the respiratory specialist out-patient treatment, diagnosis and treatment to prevent the delay and harm.
The cause of asthma in children
Asthma caused by a variety of reasons, but no more than internal and external, internal or genetic factors, external factors are environmental factors. Data shows that if the parents have a history of asthma, their children likely to suffer from asthma, 30%; if both parents have a history of asthma, the child likely to suffer from asthma up to 50%. Corporations are important genetic factors, but more and more evidence that environmental factors more important than genetic factors. Pediatric asthma and a cold, weather, sports over-exertion, certain foods and medicines, passive smoking, paint, soot and other closely related. In addition, small animals, fur, indoor dust mites, mold, cockroaches, flowers, pollen, etc., but also a predisposing factor in some asthmatic children. One cold asthma attacks among children the most common factor.
Asthma in children a good season and age
General each year in October to next May, as well as seasonal uniform changes, the incidence of asthma were more. In our country there are a considerable number of children with no obvious good season. According to statistics, more than 70% of children with asthma starting in less than 3 years old, so infants and toddlers, preschoolers recurrent cough and asthma caused when the parents attention, do not assume that her children, naturally good, but should be a positive diagnosis and treatment of , so that early diagnosis and early treatment to avoid subsequent severe asthma, or even develop asthma for adults to become life-long illness.
Treatment of asthma in children
Children with asthma is caused by various factors involved in chronic airway inflammation, and therefore the control of asthma in children is also an integrated system treatment process. Children with asthma treatment principle is to remove the incidence of incentive to control acute attacks, prevent asthma relapse.
Because asthma is a multi-cause of the disease, to identify causes and to be protective in asthma treatment crucial. Cause of the common cold in children, to active treatment and prevention of respiratory tract infections, to avoid the cold, cold weather, the best to go out wearing a mask. Children at home to avoid the use of paint, pesticides, scented too thick to wash supplies and cosmetics, ornaments plush toys, do not feed cats, dogs and other pets. Children at home are not clean. Clothing should choose cotton products, and regular exposure to clean. Try to eat little food and cold drinks. In short, the right may cause an asthma attack in children with all the factors that should be in accordance with "good family, bogey, on behalf of, remove," the four-character principle be removed.
The control of acute attack
When the children with chest tightness, coughing, wheezing and other symptoms of acute attack of asthma, parents should let their children remain calm, to breathe rapidly to alleviate pediatric airway spasm drugs such as Ventolin or Bricanyl, etc., if improved, can be repeated every 3-4 hours. If inhaled three times within 1 hour, still no improvement in the symptoms of children, and doctors should get in touch, if necessary, be admitted to hospital for treatment. After a week in the hospital about the treatment, most children can be eased.
When the acute onset of remission, the doctor based on children's age, condition and economic situation of parents to give children use different types of inhaled corticosteroids, which is currently considered the most effective prevention and treatment of asthma drugs. Parents should help children master the correct inhalation method, urging them to gargle after inhaled corticosteroid. However, many parents are concerned that the use of hormones may affect the child's growth and development, once the temporary relief of asthma have their own reduction or withdrawal, but lead to illness has repeatedly increased the suffering of children, extended the course of the disease. In fact the amount of regular inhaled corticosteroids is quite safe, at home and abroad for many years of clinical data confirm that long-term application will not affect the growth and development of children.
Medical Records: Xiao-Peng is a 5-year-old boy, from a recurrent cough and asthma since the age of 4 years of age were diagnosed as "asthma." Doctors will urge his daily inhalation of Seretide treatment, after 3 months of treatment, Xiao-Peng has no longer attack breathing, his mother would be afraid to use hormones side effects of withdrawal of its own. However, a month after Xiaopeng has emerged coughing and wheezing, was admitted to the hospital. Doctors said that if the adhere to medication, then Xiaopeng recurrence of asthma is not originally the dose of Seretide to the reduction, while now only back to the beginning of the dose, from scratch treatment.
China's traditional Chinese medicine can be adjusted in children with yin and yang balance, rousing, for some children with asthma can be obtained more satisfactory results. Can choose him for the medical or oral Point Application, winter summer disease governance methods. Strenuous exercise can cause an asthma attack in some children, this part of the children as long as the inhalation of asthma drugs in sports before, you can rest assured exercise. At the same time a suitable physical exercise can improve lung function and reduce attacks. Most suitable for sport in children with asthma is swimming, older children can do breathing exercises to carry out respiratory training. In addition, to ensure that children with a reasonable diet, maintain a healthy mind in children, but also parents need to pay attention. Of course, the most important thing is to adhere to medication for children, regular review.
Practice has proved that, through the joint efforts of parents and doctors, adhere to standard scientific control, the vast majority of asthma in children with asthma can get rid of torture, and have a healthy, normal life.