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How to examine your testicles

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Updated: Tuesday, Aug 10,2010, 4:47:19 PM
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Testicular self examination

Cancers found early are the easiest to treat.  The best way to check for testicular cancer is to examine yourself once a month after a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed.  Hold your scrotum in the palms of your hands, so that you can use the fingers and thumb on both hands to examine your testicles.

Gently feel each testicle individually.  Any noticeable increase in size or weight many mean something is wrong.  You should feel a soft tube at the top and back of the testicle, which is normal.   The testicle itself should be smooth with no lumps or swellings.  If you do find a swelling in your testicle, make an appointment and have it checked by your doctor as soon as possible.

It is unusual to develop cancer in both testicles at the same time, so if you are wondering whether a testicle is feeling normal or not you can compare it with the other.

How to examine your testicles
Hold your scrotum in the palms of your hands, so that you can use the fingers and thumb on both hands to examine your testicles. Note the size and weight of the testicles. It is common to have one testicle slightly larger, or which hangs lower than the other, but any noticeable increase in size or weight many mean something is wrong.

Gently feel each testicle individually. You should feel a soft tube at the top and back of the testicle. This is the epididymis which carries and stores sperm. It may feel slightly tender. Don't confuse it with an abnormal lump. You should be able to feel the firm, smooth tube of the spermatic cord which runs up from the epididymis.

Feel the testicle itself. It should be smooth with no lumps or swellings. It is unusual to develop cancer in both testicles at the same time, so if you are wondering whether a testicle is feeling normal or not you can compare it with the other.

Remember - if you do find a swelling in your testicle, make an appointment and have it checked by your doctor as soon as possible.


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