Irregular menstruation refers to changes in the menstrual cycle as well as changes in the color, volume and texture of the blood. Actually, irregular menstruation includes early menstruation, delayed menstruation, unpredictable menstruation, excessive mensturation, scanty menstruation or an absence of menstruation. Normally menstruation occurs once a month. A few days earlier or later is regarded as normal.
The causes of irregular menstruation are various, including mental factors, excessive sexual activity, frequent childbirth, overstrain, intemperance in eating, attack by pathogenic cold, wind and dampness, or other diseases.
Characteristics of the Symptoms of Irregular Menstruation
The menstruation is irregular, either advanced or delayed. The menstruation is either profuse or scanty or spotty with abnormal changes of texture and color, usually accompanied by dizziness, aching back, lower abdominal distending pain, depression, imtability, palpitations, insomnia, aversion to cold and preference for warmth.
Manipulations for Self-Massage Along Meridians and Acupoints
1. Pressing Qihai (CV 6) and Guanyuan (CV 4)
Performance: Supination with a relaxed abdomen. The middle finger of one hand is placed on Qihai (located 1.5 cun below the navel) and Guanyan (located three cun below the navel) to press repeatedly into the abdomen for about a minute until a local aching and distending sensation is felt (see Fig. 1).
2. Pressing Daimai (GB 26)
Performance: Supination with the relaxation of the abdomen. The middle fingers of both hands are placed on Daimai (located directly below the free end of the eleventh rib and parallel to the navel) on both sides respectively and press repeatedly for about a minute (see Fig. 2).
3. Pressing Qichong (ST 30)
Performance: Supination. The thumbs of both hands are placed at Qichong (located five cun below Tianshu and at the femoral artery lateral and superior to the pubic tubercle) (see Fig. 3) to press lightly at first and then heavily for two minutes (see Fig. 4)
Among the four acupoints mentioned above, Qihai and Guanyuan are located on the conception vessel, Daimai on the gallbladder meridian and Qichong on the stomach meridian. This method is effective in regulating qi and blood.
4. Pushing the Lower Abdomen
① Performance: Supination with knees bent and abdomen relaxed. The palms and fingers of both hands are placed at the sides of the lower abdomen to push obliquely from the upper to the lower for about three minutes (see Fig. 5).
② Effect: This method is effective in promoting the flow ofqi, activating blood as well as relieving distension and stopping pain.
5. Stroking Lumbosacral Region
① Performance: Sitting position with a slight forward leaning and relaxed waist and back. The palms and fingers of both hands are placed at the lumbosacral region to stroke from the waist to the sacrum for about two minutes (see Fig. 6).
② Effect: This method can help invigorate qi and nourish blood as well as warm meridians and disperse cold.
6. Percussing Baliao (the posterior sacral foramens)
① Performance: Sitting position. Both hands are formed into loose fists and the top sides of the fists are used to percuss the four posterior sacral foramens on both sides for about two minutes (see Fig. 7).
② Effect: This technique can help invigorate qi and nourish blood as well as warm meridians and disperse cold.
7. Pressing Zusanli (ST 36)
Performance: Sitting position. The thumbs of both hands are used to press and pinch Zusanli (located three cun below Waixiyan and one transverse finger lateral to the tibia) at the same side for about two minutes until an aching and distending sensation radiates to the lower region (see Fig..8).
8. Pressing Taichong (LR 3)
Performance: Sitting position. First the right foot is placed on the left leg, the right hand grasps the lower leg and the left thumb presses Taichong (located in the depression two cun above the first and second digital fissures on the dorsum of the right foot) (see Fig.
9) for about a minute until an aching and distending sensation is felt (see Fig. 10). Then Taichong on the left foot is pressed in the same way.
Among these acupoints, Zusanli is located on the stomach meridian and Taichong on the liver meridian. The pressing of these acupoints is effective in regulating qi, nourishing blood and regulating menstruation.
1. Self-massage along meridians and acupoints should be done one or two times a day and is discontinued during menstruation.
2. Pay attention to hygiene and keep the genitals clean during menstruation.
3. Daily life must be regular, avoiding overstrain and participating in appropriate physical exercises