Stroke terrible, not only because the incidence was critical , as well as paralysis , language, disability and a series of irreversible sequelae.
However, many people believe that stroke often only with potbellied , wine left hand smoke "success" is closely related to man , but I do not know , the risk of women suffering from this disease may be even higher than males. February 6 , the American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association first released specifically for women , " women prevent stroke Guide " ( hereinafter referred to as "Guidelines " ) , and published in the American Heart Association, " Stroke " journal . Lead author , associate professor of neurology Cheryl Bushnell noted that the unique risk factors high blood pressure during pregnancy , taking birth control pills and other women , making them the possibility of suffering from stroke than men, need to prevent this disease earlier , preferably before birth began .
Data "Guide" research report shows that stroke is the fifth largest cause of death in men, and is the third largest cause of death in women. Women during and after menopause, childbirth, indeed face greater risk of stroke. Before and after childbirth, women's physiological state will find specific changes, blood pressure, blood clotting status will fluctuate, especially older mothers. And after menopause, estrogen levels plummeted to a certain extent, affect the "self-protection" mechanism of women, if a young man suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome, half of which will be due to insulin resistance, obesity and abnormal lipid metabolism will lead to greatly increased risk of stroke.
Professor Bushnell believes that to reduce the risk of women should pay special attention to pregnancy monitoring. " Guide " recommends that women have a history of hypertension before pregnancy should consider taking low -dose aspirin, calcium or receiving treatment to reduce the risk of preeclampsia ; had preeclampsia increases the risk of stroke in women doubled hypertension increases the risk three times , so patients should take the initiative to tell the doctor the truth ; suffering from moderate hypertension ( 150 to 159 mm Hg / 100 to 109 mm Hg ) in pregnant women may consider taking antihypertensive drugs ; suffering severe hypertension ( 160 / 110 mm Hg and above ) of expectant women should take medication during pregnancy. In addition, women suffering from migraine with aura should stop smoking to avoid inducing a greater risk of stroke ; atrial fibrillation associated with stroke risk in women over 75 years old should be checked atrial fibrillation risk.
Taking birth control pills may increase the risk of stroke , need special care before treatment , especially with women with hypertension , smoking and old age risk factors. Studies have shown that birth control pills can increase stroke risk taking those four times ( including hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke ) , low-dose birth control pills also can increase two -fold risk of stroke. Polycystic ovary syndrome has been shown to be an independent risk factor for stroke , therefore , suffer from the disease or had a history of menopausal women should take the initiative to seek medical help .
In fact, both during pregnancy or menopause , or just the usual , women should diet, increased exercise , develop good lifestyle to reduce the risk factors for hypertension , diabetes , dyslipidemia , obesity, smoking , reducing brain the risk of stroke . One published in the "Stroke " journal study shows women who often walk probability of stroke by 37% lower than the infrequent walkers . The American Heart Association recommends that adults should be two hours per week of moderate-intensity exercise or 75 minutes of aerobic exercise . A large-scale survey Osaka University and the National Cancer Research Center also found that women who ingested the equivalent of a bottle of beer over the amount of alcohol a day, than occasional drinkers trigger higher chance of stroke 1.5 times to 2 times , therefore , Women should limit alcohol consumption to maximize the prevention of stroke .